Logo UNICEF Innocenti
Office of Research-Innocenti
menu icon

Impact of social protection on gender equality in low- and middle-income countries: A systematic review of reviews


More than half of the global population is not effectively covered by any type of social protection benefit and women's coverage lags behind. Most girls and boys living in low-resource settings have no effective social protection coverage. Interest in these essential programmes in low and middle-income settings is rising and in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic the value of social protection for all has been undoubtedly confirmed. However, evidence on whether the impact of different social protection programmes (social assistance, social insurance and social care services and labour market programmes) differs by gender has not been consistently analysed. Evidence is needed on the structural and contextual factors that determine differential impacts. Questions remain as to whether programme outcomes vary according to intervention implementation and design.


facebook twitter linkedin google+ reddit print email

Publication date: 2022

Journal: Campbell Systematic Reviews

Volume: 18

Language: English