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Innocenti experts produce high quality research that is frequently published in international peer reviewed journals. The themes of publications featured here reflect the entire spectrum of issues shaping global policies and outcomes for children.

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Pandemics and Violence Against Women and Children

Pandemics and Violence Against Women and Children

Amber Peterman, Alina Potts, Megan O'Donnell, Kelly Thompson, Niyati Shah, Sabine Oertelt-Prigione, Nicole van Geltert
CGD Working Paper, April 2020 (528)

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ABSTRACT

Times of economic uncertainty, civil unrest and disaster are linked to a myriad of risk factors for increased violence against women and children (VAW/C). Pandemics are no exception. In fact, the regional or global nature and associated fear and uncertainty associated with pandemics provide an enabling environment that may exacerbate or spark diverse forms of violence. Understanding mechanisms underlying these dynamics are important for crafting policy and program responses to mitigate adverse effects. Based on existing published and grey literature, we document nine main (direct and indirect) pathways linking pandemics and VAW/C, through effects of (on):(1) economic insecurity and poverty-related stress, (2) quarantines and social isolation, (3) disaster and conflict-related unrest and instability, (4) exposure to exploitative relationships due to changing demographics, (5) reduced health service availability and access to first responders, (6) inability of women to temporarily escape abusive partners, (7) virus-specific sources of violence, (8) exposure to violence and coercion in response efforts, and (9) violence perpetrated against health care workers. We also suggest additional pathways with limited or anecdotal evidence likely to effect smaller sub-groups. Based on these mechanisms, we suggest eight policy and program responses for action by governments, civil society, international and community-based organizations. Finally, as research linking pandemics directly to diverse forms of VAW/C is scarce, we lay out a research agenda comprising three main streams, to better (1) understand the magnitude of the problem, (2) elucidate mechanisms and linkages with other social and economic factors and (3) inform intervention and response options. We hope this paper can be used by researchers, practitioners, and policymakers to help inform further evidence generation and policy action while situating VAW/C within the broader need for intersectional gender- and feminist-informed pandemic response.

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JOURNAL ARTICLES BY DATE

87 items found

School Feeding or General Food Distribution? Quasi-Experimental Evidence on the Educational Impacts of Emergency Food Assistance during Conflict in Mali

Elisabetta Aurino, Jean-Pierre Tranchant, Amadou Sekou Diallo, Aulo Gelli
Journal of Development Studies, Supplement 1, December 2019, vol. 55, pp. 7-28.

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Social Protection in Contexts of Fragility and Forced Displacement: Introduction to a Special Issue

Tilman Brück, Jose Cuesta, Jacobus de Hoop, Ugo Gentilini, Amber Peterman
The Journal of Development Studies, Supplement 1, December 2019, vol. 55, pp. 1-6.

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Impact evaluation of a social protection programme paired with fee waivers on enrolment in Ghana’s National Health Insurance Scheme

Tia Palermo, Elsa Valli, Gustavo Angeles, Marlous de Milliano, Clement Adamba, Tayllor Renee Spadafora, Clare Barrington
BMJ Open, November 2019, vol. 9 (11)

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Aligning evidence generation and use across health, development, and environment

Heather Tallis, Katharine Kreis, Lydia Olander, Claudia Ringler, David Ameyaw, Mark E. Borsuk, Amber Peterman, et al.
Current Opinions in Environmental Sustainability, August 2019, vol. 39, pp. 81-93.

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Household income and sticky floors in children’s cognitive development: Evidence from the United Kingdom Millennium Cohort Study

Yekaterina Chzhen, Zlata Bruckauf
Longitudinal and life course study, July 2019, vol. 10 (3), pp. 307-326.

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Linking Social Rights to Active Citizenship for the Most Vulnerable: the Role of Rights and Accountability in the ‘Making’ and ‘Shaping’ of Social Protection

Rachel Sabates-Wheeler, Nikhil Wilmink, Abdul-Gafaru Abdulai, Richard de Groot, Tayllor Spadafora
The Euroepan Journal of Development Research, July 2019

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Understanding the Relationships Between HIV and Child Marriage: Conclusions From an Expert Consultation

Suzanne Petroni, Rachel Yates, Mannahil Siddigi, Chewe Luo, Arwyn Finnie, Damilola Walker, Alice Welbourn, Catherine J. Langevin-Falcon, Tia Palermo, Claudia Cappa
Journal of Adolescent Health, June 2019, vol. 64 (6), pp. 694–696 .

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Government of Malawi's unconditional cash transfer improves youth mental health

Gustavo Angeles, Jacobus de Hoop, Sudhanshu Handa, Kelly Kilburn, Annamaria Milazzo, Amber Peterman
Social Science & Medicine, March 2019, vol. 225, pp. 108-119.

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87 items found