CONNECT
search advanced search
UNICEF Innocenti
Office of Research-Innocenti
search menu
Innocenti experts produce high quality research that is frequently published in international peer reviewed journals. The themes of publications featured here reflect the entire spectrum of issues shaping global policies and outcomes for children.

LATEST

Pandemics and Violence Against Women and Children

Pandemics and Violence Against Women and Children

Amber Peterman, Alina Potts, Megan O'Donnell, Kelly Thompson, Niyati Shah, Sabine Oertelt-Prigione, Nicole van Geltert
CGD Working Paper, April 2020 (528)

VIEW ARTICLE


ABSTRACT

Times of economic uncertainty, civil unrest and disaster are linked to a myriad of risk factors for increased violence against women and children (VAW/C). Pandemics are no exception. In fact, the regional or global nature and associated fear and uncertainty associated with pandemics provide an enabling environment that may exacerbate or spark diverse forms of violence. Understanding mechanisms underlying these dynamics are important for crafting policy and program responses to mitigate adverse effects. Based on existing published and grey literature, we document nine main (direct and indirect) pathways linking pandemics and VAW/C, through effects of (on):(1) economic insecurity and poverty-related stress, (2) quarantines and social isolation, (3) disaster and conflict-related unrest and instability, (4) exposure to exploitative relationships due to changing demographics, (5) reduced health service availability and access to first responders, (6) inability of women to temporarily escape abusive partners, (7) virus-specific sources of violence, (8) exposure to violence and coercion in response efforts, and (9) violence perpetrated against health care workers. We also suggest additional pathways with limited or anecdotal evidence likely to effect smaller sub-groups. Based on these mechanisms, we suggest eight policy and program responses for action by governments, civil society, international and community-based organizations. Finally, as research linking pandemics directly to diverse forms of VAW/C is scarce, we lay out a research agenda comprising three main streams, to better (1) understand the magnitude of the problem, (2) elucidate mechanisms and linkages with other social and economic factors and (3) inform intervention and response options. We hope this paper can be used by researchers, practitioners, and policymakers to help inform further evidence generation and policy action while situating VAW/C within the broader need for intersectional gender- and feminist-informed pandemic response.

MORE

JOURNAL ARTICLES BY DATE

87 items found

A mixed-method review of Intimate partner violence and cash transfers in low- and middle-income countries

A.M. Buller, Amber Peterman, M. Raganathan, A. Bleile, M. Hidrobo, L. Heise
World Bank Research Observer , September 2018, vol. 33 (2), pp. 218-258.

VIEW ARTICLE


WASH and Nutrition Synergies: The Case of Tunisia

Jose Cuesta, L. Maratou-Kolias
Journal of Development Studies, Published online on 19 September 2018, September 2018

VIEW ARTICLE


Can unconditional cash transfers raise long-term living standards? Evidence from Zambia

Sudhanshu Handa, Luisa Natali, David Seidenfeld, Gelson Tembo, Benjamin Davis
Journal of Development Economics, July 2018, vol. 133, pp. 42-65.

VIEW ARTICLE


Children’s Roles in Social Reproduction: reexamining the discourse on care through a child lens

Elena Camilletti, Prerna Banati, Sarah Cook
The Journal of Law, Social Justice and Global Development, June 2018 (21), pp. 33-48.

VIEW ARTICLE


Examination of performance of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale Short Form 10 among African youth in poor, rural households

Kelly Kilburn, Leah Prencipe, Lisa Hjelm, Amber Peterman, Sudhanshu Handa, Tia Palermo
BMC Psychiatry, June 2018, vol. 18 (201)

VIEW ARTICLE


An empirical exploration of female child marriage determinants in Indonesia

Lauren Rumble, Amber Peterman, Nadira Irdiana, Margaret Triyana, Emilie Minnick
BMC Public Health, March 2018

VIEW ARTICLE


The Role of Productive Activities in the Lives of Adolescents: Photovoice Evidence from Malawi

Susannah Zietz, Jacobus de Hoop, Sudhanshu Handa
Children and Youth Services Review, February 2018, vol. 86, pp. 246-255.

Children, HIV, emergencies and Sustainable Development Goals: roadblocks ahead and possible solutions

Dick Chamla, Chewe Luo, Priscilla Idele
JIAS - Journal of the International AIDS Society, February 2018

VIEW ARTICLE


Who perpetrates violence against children? A systematic analysis of age- and sex-specific data

K. Devries, L. Knight, M Petzold, L. Maxwell, A. Williams, Claudia Cappa, E. Chan, C. Garcia-Moreno, H. Hollis, H. Kress, Amber Peterman, S.D. Walsh, A. Guedes, S. Kishor, S. Bott, B. Butron, C. Watts, N. Abrahams
BMJ Paediatrics Open , February 2018, vol. 2

VIEW ARTICLE


87 items found