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Innocenti experts produce high quality research that is frequently published in international peer reviewed journals. The themes of publications featured here reflect the entire spectrum of issues shaping global policies and outcomes for children.

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Pandemics and Violence Against Women and Children

Pandemics and Violence Against Women and Children

Amber Peterman, Alina Potts, Megan O'Donnell, Kelly Thompson, Niyati Shah, Sabine Oertelt-Prigione, Nicole van Geltert
CGD Working Paper, April 2020 (528)

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ABSTRACT

Times of economic uncertainty, civil unrest and disaster are linked to a myriad of risk factors for increased violence against women and children (VAW/C). Pandemics are no exception. In fact, the regional or global nature and associated fear and uncertainty associated with pandemics provide an enabling environment that may exacerbate or spark diverse forms of violence. Understanding mechanisms underlying these dynamics are important for crafting policy and program responses to mitigate adverse effects. Based on existing published and grey literature, we document nine main (direct and indirect) pathways linking pandemics and VAW/C, through effects of (on):(1) economic insecurity and poverty-related stress, (2) quarantines and social isolation, (3) disaster and conflict-related unrest and instability, (4) exposure to exploitative relationships due to changing demographics, (5) reduced health service availability and access to first responders, (6) inability of women to temporarily escape abusive partners, (7) virus-specific sources of violence, (8) exposure to violence and coercion in response efforts, and (9) violence perpetrated against health care workers. We also suggest additional pathways with limited or anecdotal evidence likely to effect smaller sub-groups. Based on these mechanisms, we suggest eight policy and program responses for action by governments, civil society, international and community-based organizations. Finally, as research linking pandemics directly to diverse forms of VAW/C is scarce, we lay out a research agenda comprising three main streams, to better (1) understand the magnitude of the problem, (2) elucidate mechanisms and linkages with other social and economic factors and (3) inform intervention and response options. We hope this paper can be used by researchers, practitioners, and policymakers to help inform further evidence generation and policy action while situating VAW/C within the broader need for intersectional gender- and feminist-informed pandemic response.

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JOURNAL ARTICLES BY DATE

87 items found

International trends in ‘bottom-end’inequality in adolescent physical activity and nutrition: HBSC study 2002–2014

Yekaterina Chzhen, Irene Moor, William Pickett, Emilia Toczydlowska, Gonneke W J M Stevens
European Journal of Public Health, 2018

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Does money buy happiness? Evidence from an unconditional cash transfer in Zambia

Luisa Natali, Sudhanshu Handa, Amber Peterman, David Seidenfeld, Gelson Tembo
SSM - Population Health, 2018

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Poverty, Disputes and Access to Justice in Conflict Affected Areas of Indonesia

Jose Cuesta, E. Skoufias, L. Madrigal
Journal of Economic Policy Reform, 2018, vol. 21 (1), pp. 21-38.

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Tackling Income Inequality: What Works and Why?

Jose Cuesta, Mario Negre, Ana Revenga, Maika Schmidt
Journal of Income Distribution, 2018, vol. 26 (1)

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Measuring Multidimensional Child Poverty in the Era of the Sustainable Development Goals

Yekaterina Chzhen, David Gordon, Sudhanshu Handa
Child Indicators Research, August 2017, pp. 1-3.

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Multidimensional Child Poverty in three Countries in Sub-Saharan Africa

Lucia Ferrone, Marlous de Milliano
Child Indicators Research, August 2017, pp. 1-27.

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Multidimensional Poverty Among Adolescents in 38 Countries: Evidence from the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) 2013/14 Study

Yekaterina Chzhen, Zlata Bruckauf, Emilia Toczydlowska, Frank Elgar, Conception Moreno-Maldonado, Gonneke W.J.M. Stevens, Dagmar Sigmudova, Geneviève Gariépy
Child Indicator Research, August 2017, pp. 1-25.

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87 items found