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Enforced or involuntary disappearances of persons as a result of excesses on the part of law enforcement or security authorities or similar organizations, often while such persons are subject to detention or imprisonment. A grave example is the disappearance of children in Argentina under the military junta during the 1970's. Some were abducted with their parents, whilst others were killed by security forces and remain in unmarked graves. Some 131 children were born in secret detention centres or military hospitals, and taken from their mothers at birth. Evidence emerged that many of the babies were illegally given to childless military or police couples who raised them as their own. These atrocities inspired Argentina to propose the inclusion of Article 8 to the CRC, which deals with the right of the child to preserve his or her identity without unlawful interference.

See also:
Abduction   Deprivation of liberty   Preservation of identity