CRC Article = 9 (1)(2); 21(a)
According to Article 9(1), States Parties shall ensure that the child shall not be separated from his or her parents against their will, except when competent authorities, subject to judicial review, determine, in accordance with applicable law and procedures, that such a separation is necessary for the best interests of the child. In any proceedings pursuant to Article 9(1), all interested parties shall be given an opportunity to participate in the proceedings and make their views known (Article 9(2)). Article 21(a) of the CRC requires that the adoption of a child be authorized only by competent authorities acting in accordance with the applicable laws and procedures of their country.
Adoption Alternative care Children deprived of their family environment Inter-country adoption Intercountry adoption National adoption Periodic review of placement Placement in institutions Respect for the views of the child Right to be heard Separation from parent(s)