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GLOSSARY





Language

     IRC site

Leave a country

     IRC site

CRC Article = 10
Note:
The right to leave any country, which is recognized in Article 12(2) of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (1966), is not included in the CRC. The CRC does include the right of the child and parents to leave a State Party for the purposes of family reunification, and the right of the child or parents to leave any country for the purposes of contact with a parent or child residing in a different country. The latter right may be made subject to restrictions.

See also:
Contact with both parents   Enter a country   Family reunification   Restrictions of rights   

Legal assistance

     IRC site

CRC Article = 40(2)(b)(ii)
Note:
The right of the accused child to legal or other appropriate assistance in the preparation and presentation of his or her defence is recognized in Article 40(2)(b)(ii) of the CRC.

See also:
Accused children   Administration of Juvenile Justice   Defence   Due process   Fair trial   Trial in the presence of legal assistance   

Leisure

     IRC site

CRC Article = 31
Note:
In recognition of the importance of rest and leisure for the child's development, Article 31 of the CRC obligates States Parties to recognize the right of the child to rest and leisure. For the realization of this right, States Parties are required to encourage the provision of appropriate and equal opportunities for leisure activity.

See also:
Equal opportunities   Recreation   

Liberty of person

     IRC site

Life

     IRC site


See:
Right to life   

Life imprisonment

     IRC site

CRC Article = 37(a)
Note:
The right of the child not to be subjected to life imprisonment without the possibility of release is dealt with in Article 37(a) of the CRC. This provision prohibits States Parties from imposing life imprisonment without the possibility of release for offences committed by persons below the age of eighteen years.

See also:
Accused children   Capital punishment   Children deprived of their liberty   Convicted children   Imprisonment   Life imprisonment   

Limitations

     IRC site

Linguistic minority children

     IRC site

CRC Article = 30
Note:
A linguistic minority is a group of people within the territory of a State whose language is different from that of the majority. Under Article 30 of the CRC those States Parties in which linguistic minorities exist shall not deny a child belonging to such a minority the right, in community with other members of his or group, to use his or her own language. This right is also recognized in Article 27 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (1966). Noteworthy is the standard-setting work of the Sub-Commission on Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities of the United Nations Commission on Human Rights, including the Declaration on the Rights of Persons Belonging to National or Ethnic, Religious and Linguistic Minorities, which was adopted by the General Assembly of the United Nations in 1993.

See also:
Discrimination   Information and linguistic minority children   Minority children