KEEP UP TO DATE

CONNECT  facebook youtube pinterest twitter soundcloud
search advanced search
Previous  Next   (From 1 to 10 out of 11 records found)


Name

     IRC site

CRC Article = 7(1)
Note:
The right of the child to a name from birth is recognized in Article 7(1) of the CRC. The purpose of this provision is to promote recognition and protection of the child's legal personality. It is of fundamental importance, as a name is the first point of reference both for the child and society as a means of identifying the child and the child's family. It is therefore of special importance to children born out of wedlock, abandoned children and foundlings.

See also:
Birth registration   Children born out of wedlock   Family relations   Identity   Nationality   Preservation of identity   

National adoption

     IRC site

CRC Article = 21
Note:
Adoption which does not involve removal of the child across borders. Article 21 of the CRC deals with the safeguards and standards to be ensured by those States Parties that recognize and/or permit the system of adoption as an alternative means of child's care, covering both national adoption and intercountry adoption, and provides thereby that the best interests of the child shall be the paramount consideration. Noteworthy is the Declaration on Social and Legal Principles Relating to the Protection and Welfare of Children With Special Reference to Foster Placement and Adoption, which was adopted by the General Assembly of the United Nations in 1986.

See also:
Adoption   Inter-country adoption   Intercountry adoption   Judicial review   Procedures   

National origin

     IRC site


See:
Discrimination   

National security

     IRC site

Nationality

     IRC site

CRC Article = 7
Note:
The right of the child to acquire a nationality is set forth in Article 7 of the CRC. Some countries apply the principle of jus sanguinis, according to which nationality is founded by descent from parents. Others apply the principle of jus soli, according to which nationality is founded by virtue of being born within the territory of a State.

See also:
Family relations   Identity   Name   Preservation of identity   Statelessness   

Neglect

     IRC site

CRC Article = 19

See:
Abuse and neglect   

Non-custodial measures

     IRC site

CRC Article = 40(4)
Note:
States Parties are required to make alternatives to institutional care available for convicted children to ensure that these children are dealt with in a manner appropriate to their well-being and proportionate both to their circumstances and the offence. Such non-custodial measures could include, inter alia, care, guidance, supervision orders, counselling, probation, education and vocational training programmes.

See also:
Administration of Juvenile Justice   Convicted children   Deprivation of liberty   Detention   Imprisonment   Treatment of convicted children   

Non-discrimination

     IRC site


See:
Discrimination   

Non-governmental organizations

     IRC site

Note:
Under Article 45(a) of the CRC, the Committee on the Rights of the Child may invite the specialized agencies, the United Nations Children's Fund and other competent bodies as it considers appropriate, including inter-governmental and non-governmental organizations, to provide expert advice on the implementation of the CRC in areas falling within the scope of their respective mandates. The Committee may also transmit to such bodies, as it considers appropriate, any State reports that contain a request, or indicate a need, for technical advice or assistance (see Article 45(b) of the CRC).

See also:
Committee on the Rights of the Child   Competent bodies   Inter-governmental organizations   Technical advice and assistance   

Nullum crimen sine lege

     IRC site

CRC Article = 40(2)(a)
Note:
Article 40(2)(a) of the CRC accords to the child the right not to be accused of or recognized as having infringed the penal law by reasons of acts or omissions that were not prohibited by national or international law at the time they were committed.

See also:
Accused children   Administration of Juvenile Justice   Convicted children   

Previous  Next   (From 1 to 10 out of 11 records found)