CRC Article = 48
Article 47 of the CRC provides that the CRC is subject to ratification, and Article 48 provides that the CRC remains open for accession by any State. To become a Party to the CRC, a State must therefore either ratify or accede to the CRC. Ratification and accession both refer to the act whereby the competent authorities of the State express their consent to be bound by the CRC. The only difference is that ratification applies to those States that have signed the CRC and accession applies to those States that have not. The instruments of ratification or accession are to be deposited with the Secretary-General of the United Nations. As at 10 March 1995, the CRC had been ratified or acceded to by 170 States.
Denunciation Depositary Entry into force Ratification Signature
CRC Article = 24(2)(e)
For the implementation of the right of the child to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of health and to health services, States Parties are required to take appropriate measures to ensure that all segments of society, in particular parents and children, are informed, have access to education and are supported in the use of basic knowledge of accident prevention or child safety.
Health and health services Health education
Accompanied refugee children
CRC Article = 22
Article 22 of the CRC accords special rights to children who are seeking refugee status outside the country of their nationality or former habitual residence or who are considered a refugee in accordance with applicable international or domestic law and procedures, whether accompanied or unaccompanied by their parents or by any other person.
Refugee children Refugee status Unaccompanied refugee children
Adequate standard of living
Administration of Juvenile Justice
CRC Article = 20(3); 21
Adoption is an alternative means of care for children permanently deprived of their family environment. Full adoption aims to provide such a child with all of the rights relating to his or her adoptive parents as if the child had been born to them. In addition, it places on the adoptive parents equal parental responsibility to that of biological parents. Article 21 of the CRC provides that the best interests of the child shall be the paramount consideration in adoption, and deals with the safeguards and standards to be ensured by those States Parties that recognize and/or permit the system of adoption, covering both national adoption and intercountry adoption.
Alternative care Children deprived of their family environment Inter-country adoption Intercountry adoption Judicial review National adoption Procedures