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Independent and impartial authority

     IRC site

CRC Article = 37(d); 40(2)(b)(iii)(v)
Note:
An independent authority is to be independent of the executive and of the parties. An impartial authority is required to be unprejudiced, disinterested, just and equitable in the relation to the involved parties.

See also:
Accused children   Administration of Juvenile Justice   Children deprived of their liberty   Determination of lawfulness of detention   Due process   Fair trial   Judicial body   

Indicators

     IRC site

Note:
Factors used to measure the domestic implementation of the rights set forth in the CRC.

See also:
Committee on the Rights of the Child   Domestic implementation   

Indigenous children

     IRC site

CRC Article = 30
Note:
According to one definition, indigenous or aboriginal peoples are descendants of those who inhabited a country or geographic region at the time when peoples of different cultures or ethnic origins arrived, the new arrivals later becoming dominant through conquest, occupation, settlement or other means. Under Article 30 of the CRC those States Parties in which indigenous peoples exist shall not deny a child belonging to such a group the right, in community with other members of his or her group, to enjoy his or her own culture, to profess and practise his or her own religion, and to use his or her own language. Noteworthy is the establishment in 1982 of the Working Group on Indigenous Populations by the Sub-Commission on Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities of the United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC).

See also:
Information and linguistic minority children   Minority children   

Infant mortality

     IRC site

CRC Article = 24(2)(a)
Note:
For the implementation of the right of the child to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of health and to health services, States Parties are required to take appropriate measures to diminish infant mortality.

See also:
Child mortality   Health and health services   

Information

     IRC site

Information and international co-operation

     IRC site

CRC Article = 17(b)
Note:
For the implementation of the right of the child to have access to appropriate information, States Parties are required to encourage international co-operation in the production, exchange and dissemination of information and material of social and cultural benefit to the child from a diversity of cultural, national and international sources.

See also:
Appropriate information   Freedom of information   International co-operation   

Information and linguistic minority children

     IRC site

CRC Article = 17(d)
Note:
For the implementation of the right of the child to have access to appropriate information, States Parties are required to encourage the mass media to have particular regard to the linguistic needs of children belonging to a minority or an indigenous group.

See also:
Appropriate information   Freedom of information   Indigenous children   Information   Linguistic minority children   Mass media   

Information on absent parent(s) or child

     IRC site

CRC Article = 9(4)
Note:
Where separation between parent(s) and child results from any action initiated by a State Party, such as the detention, imprisonment, exile, deportation, death (including death arising from any cause while the person is in custody of the State) of one or both parents or of the child, States Parties are required to provide the parents, the child or, if appropriate, another member of the family, upon request, with information concerning the whereabouts of the absent member(s) of the family, unless the provision of the information would be detrimental to the well-being of the child.

See also:
Children deprived of their liberty   Detention   Imprisonment   Separation from parent(s)   

Informed promptly of criminal charges

     IRC site


See:
Accusations   

Inhuman treatment or punishment

     IRC site
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