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GLOSSARY

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Age restrictions

     IRC site

Aims of education

     IRC site

CRC Article = 29(1)
Note:
States Parties agree that the basic aims of the education of children are the development of the child's personality, talents, mental and physical abilities to their fullest potential and the preparation of the child for a responsible life. Education should also be directed to the development of respect for the child's parents, his or her own cultural identity, language and values and for the national values of the country in which the child is living and of the country from which the child may originate, and to the development of respect for different civilisations and the natural environment.

See also:
Education   Educational institutions   

Alien children

     IRC site

Alternative care

     IRC site

CRC Article = 20(2)(3)
Note:
Article 20(2) of the CRC accords to children temporarily or permanently deprived of their family environment, or in whose own best interests cannot be allowed to remain in that environment, the right to alternative care. States Parties are required to ensure alternative care for such children in accordance with their national laws. Article 20(3) of the CRC provides that alternative care could include, inter alia, foster placement, kafala of Islamic law, adoption or if necessary placement in suitable institutions for the care of children.

See also:
Adoption   Children deprived of their family environment   Foster placement   Judicial review   Kafala   Periodic review of placement   Placement in institutions   Procedures   

Alternative sentencing

     IRC site

Alternatives to criminal proceedings

     IRC site


See:
Diversions   

Amendments

     IRC site

CRC Article = 50
Note:
The rules of international treaty law concerning the amendment or modification of treaties are set forth in Articles 39 to 41 of the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties (1969). These rules apply unless the treaty itself contains different provisions. The provisions of the CRC concerning amendments are set forth in Article 50 of the CRC, which deals with the procedure by which States Parties can propose and adopt amendments to the CRC, and with the binding effect of amendments accepted by two-thirds majority of States Parties.

See also:
Denunciation   Depositary   Reservations   

Appeal

     IRC site

CRC Article = 40(2)(b)(v)
Note:
Article 40(2)(b)(v) accords to the convicted child the right to have his or her case and any measures imposed in consequence thereof reviewed by a higher competent, independent and impartial authority or judicial body according to law.

See also:
Administration of Juvenile Justice   Convicted children   

Applicability

     IRC site

Note:
The possibility for children to invoke the rights set forth in the CRC before a domestic court or administrative tribunal. The direct applicability of a right is possible if a State Party allows for such applicability and if the right is sufficiently clear and precise to be regarded as addressing itself both to the State Party and to the subjects of domestic law.

See also:
Domestic implementation   Drittwirkung   Incorporation   Transformation   

Appropriate information

     IRC site

CRC Article = 17
Note:
The right of the child to have access to appropriate information is set forth in Article 17 of the CRC. In recognition of the important function performed by the mass media, States Parties are required to ensure that the child has access to information and material from a diversity of national and international sources, especially those aimed at the promotion of his or her well-being and health.

See also:
Children's books   Freedom of expression   Freedom of information   Information and international co-operation   Information and linguistic minority children   Injurious information   Mass media   

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