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Dignity

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Disability

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Disabled assistance

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CRC Article = 23(2)(3)
Note:
The right of the mentally or physically disabled child to special care and assistance is set forth in Article 23(2)(3) of the CRC. These provisions obligate States Parties to ensure the extension to the eligible disabled child, and to those responsible for his or her care, of assistance for which application is made and which is appropriate to the child's condition and to the circumstances of the parents or others caring for the child. States Parties are required to ensure that such assistance is extended free of charge, whenever possible, taking into account the financial resources of the parents or others caring for the child, and that it is designed to ensure that disabled children have effective access to and receive education, training, health care services, rehabilitation services, preparation for employment and recreation opportunities.

See also:
Disabled children   

Disabled children

     IRC site

CRC Article = 23
Note:
The United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Disabled Persons (1975) defines an individual with disabilities as anyone "unable to ensure by himself or herself, wholly or partly, the necessities of a normal individual and/or social life as a result of a deficiency either congenital or not in his or her physical or mental capabilities." Under Article 2(1) of the CRC, States Parties are required to ensure to each child within their jurisdiction all of the CRC's rights without discrimination of any kind, irrespective of the child's or his or her parent's or legal guardian's disability. In addition, Article 23 accords to the mentally or physically disabled child the right to special care and assistance. The purpose of this provision is to ensure that disabled children enjoy a full and decent life, in conditions which ensure dignity, promote self-reliance and facilitate the child's active participation in the community.

See also:
Disabled assistance   Disabled children and international co-operation   

Disabled children and international co-operation

     IRC site

CRC Article = 23(4)
Note:
States Parties are required to promote the exchange of information in the field of preventive health care and of medical, psychological and functional treatment of disabled children, including dissemination of and access to information concerning methods of rehabilitation, education and vocational services. In this regard, States Parties are required to take particular account of the needs of developing countries.

See also:
Developing countries   Disabled children   International co-operation   

Disappearances

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Note:
Enforced or involuntary disappearances of persons as a result of excesses on the part of law enforcement or security authorities or similar organizations, often while such persons are subject to detention or imprisonment. A grave example is the disappearance of children in Argentina under the military junta during the 1970's. Some were abducted with their parents, whilst others were killed by security forces and remain in unmarked graves. Some 131 children were born in secret detention centres or military hospitals, and taken from their mothers at birth. Evidence emerged that many of the babies were illegally given to childless military or police couples who raised them as their own. These atrocities inspired Argentina to propose the inclusion of Article 8 to the CRC, which deals with the right of the child to preserve his or her identity without unlawful interference.

See also:
Abduction   Deprivation of liberty   Preservation of identity   

Discrimination

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CRC Article = 2(1)
Note:
States Parties are required to respect and to ensure the rights set forth in the CRC to each child within their jurisdiction without discrimination of any kind, irrespective of the child's or his or her parent's or legal guardian's race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national, ethnic or social origin, property, disability, birth or other status. Discrimination can be defined as any distinction, exclusion, restriction or preference, based on any grounds, which has the purpose or effect of nullifying or impairing the recognition, enjoyment or exercise by all children, on an equal footing, of the rights and freedoms recognized in the CRC.

See also:
Best interests of the child   Children born out of wedlock   Discrimination and punishment   Equal opportunities   Ethnic minority children   Evolving capacities of the child   Indigenous children   Linguistic minority children   Minority children   Obligation of States   Religious minority children   Respect for the views of the child   

Discrimination and punishment

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CRC Article = 2(2)
Note:
Article 2(2) of the CRC accords to the child the right to be protected from all forms of discrimination or punishment on the basis of the status, activities, expressed opinions, or beliefs of the child's parents, legal guardians, or other family members.

See also:
Cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment   Discrimination   Torture   Treatment of accused children   Treatment of children deprived of their liberty   Treatment of convicted children   

Disease

     IRC site

CRC Article = 24(2)(c)
Note:
For the implementation of the right of the child to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of health and to health services, States Parties are required to take appropriate measures, including within the framework of primary health care, to combat disease through, inter alia, the application of readily available technology and through the provision of adequate nutritious foods and clean drinking-water, taking into consideration the dangers and risks of environmental pollution.

See also:
Health and health services   Malnutrition   Preventive health care   Primary health care   

Displaced children

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