CONNECT
search advanced search
UNICEF Innocenti
Office of Research-Innocenti
search menu

Office of Research - Innocenti, site search

Education

WWW.UNICEF-IRC.ORG
An Unfair Start: Inequality in Children's Education in Rich Countries
In the world’s richest countries, some children do worse at school than others because of circumstances beyond their control, such as where they were ...

An Analysis of the Role of Social Safety Net Scholarships in Reducing School Drop-Out during the Indonesian Economic Crisis
Accompanying the dramatic decline in Indonesia’s economic fortunes in the late 1990s was an appropriate concern for the social impact of the crisis - ...

Bambini e adolescenti ai margini. Un quadro comparativo sulla disuguaglianza nel benessere dei bambini nei paesi ricchi
Questa Report Card presenta una prima panoramica sulle disuguaglianze nel benessere dei bambini in 24 dei paesi più ricchi del mondo. Vi si prendono in ...

Basic Education: A vision for the 21st century. Global Seminar Report, 1998
The ninth Innocenti Global Seminar took as its theme: Basic Education: A Vision for the 21st Century. The Seminar addressed the urgent need for improved ...

Best of UNICEF Research 2014
In order to showcase the best UNICEF research from around the world, the Office of Research-Innocenti undertakes an annual selection process carried out ...

Best of UNICEF Research 2015
In 2013 the Office of Research-Innocenti initiated a competition to discover and highlight the outstanding research undertaken by UNICEF offices. This ...

Best of UNICEF Research 2016
The Best of UNICEF competition identifies a number of studies that are assessed to be of particular merit on a number of criteria: in terms of the relevance ...

Best of UNICEF Research 2017
The Best of UNICEF Research (BOUR) initiative celebrates its fifth year. Once again, it showcases some of the best and most innovative pieces of research ...

Best of UNICEF Research 2018
The Best of UNICEF Research initiative celebrates its sixth year. Once again, it showcases a collection of the best research undertaken or supported by ...

Best of UNICEF Research 2019
The Best of UNICEF Research is celebrating its seventh year. Once again, it showcases a collection of the best research undertaken or supported by UNICEF ...

Bringing Education to the Most Marginalized Girls in Nepal: Evidence from the Girls’ Access to Education (GATE) programme Let Us Learn: Nepal research brief
This research brief provides a snapshot of Girls’ Access To Education (GATE), a non-formal education programme that aims to bring the most marginalized ...

Child Well-being in Eastern Europe and Central Asia: A multidimensional approach
After two decades of transition the countries of Central and Eastern Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States face an increasingly diverse mix ...

Child Work and Education: Five case studies from Latin America
In recent years research, as well as the results of practical programmes, has lead to a clearer understanding of the relationship between child work and ...

Childhood Poverty and Education in Bangladesh: Policy implications for disadvantaged children
This paper offers a theoretical understanding of childhood poverty and educational exclusion, building on the empirical findings of fieldwork carried ...

Children in Immigrant Families in Eight Affluent Countries: Their family, national and international context
During recent decades most affluent countries have experienced large increases in the number and diversity of immigrants, and accordingly it is anticipated ...

Children in Immigrant Families in Switzerland: On a path between discrimination and integration
Special Series on Children in Immigrant Families in Affluent Societies Public debate on immigration tends to be polarized in Switzerland ...

Children in Immigrant Families in the Netherlands: A statistical portrait and a review of the literature
Special Series on Children in Immigrant Families in Affluent Societies Of the total population of the Netherlands about 19 per cent are ...

The Children Left Behind: A league table of inequality in child well-being in the world's rich countries
This Report Card presents a first overview of inequalities in child well-being for 24 of the world’s richest countries. Three dimensions of inequality ...

The Children of Immigrants in France: The emergence of a second generation
Special Series on the Situation of Children in Immigrant Families in Affluent Societies In 2005, 4.9 million immigrants were residing in ...

Children, Education and Reconciliation
This paper examines truth and reconciliation commissions that have made reference to a longer-term role for education in coming to terms with the past ...

Una classifica comparata dello svantaggio educativo nei paesi industrializzati
Questo nuovo rapporto del Centro di Ricerca Innocenti dell'UNICEF riguarda l'efficenza del sistema di istruzione pubblica nei paesi economicamente avanzati. ...

Un comienzo injusto: La desigualdad en la educación de los niños en los países ricos
En los países más ricos del mundo, a algunos niños les va peor en la escuela que a otros debido a circunstancias que escapan a su control, como el lugar ...

Comparing Child Well-Being in OECD Countries: Concepts and methods
This paper is produced alongside Innocenti Report Card 7 Child Well-being in Rich Countries. It provides more detail on how the indicators were chosen ...

Comparing Child-focused SDGs in High-income Countries: Indicator development and overview
The new Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development aim to build on the achievements made under the UN Millennium ...

Comparing Inequality in the Well-being of Children in Economically Advanced Countries: A methodology
This paper tries to respond to the complex challenge of going beyond a research approach into child well-being based on averages and proposes a complementary ...

Continuing learning for the most vulnerable during COVID-19: Lessons from Let Us Learn in Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Liberia, Madagascar and Nepal
The COVID-19 pandemic has disrupted every aspect of society. In mid-April 2020, 192 countries had closed their schools, putting 9 out of 10 enrolled children ...

COVID-19 and the Looming Debt Crisis: Protecting and Transforming Social Spending for Inclusive Recoveries
Compounding the COVID-19 pandemic is a looming debt crisis for low- and middle-income countries where a growing debt burden threatens to crowd out social ...

COVID-19: A reason to double down on investments in pre-primary education
This paper summarizes the recent UNICEF analysis on investing in early childhood education in developing countries. It provides a benefit-cost analysis ...

COVID-19: Effects of school closures on foundational skills and promising practices for monitoring and mitigating learning loss
While remote learning measures are essential for mitigating the short-term and long-term consequences of COVID-19 school closures, little is known about ...

COVID-19: How are Countries Preparing to Mitigate the Learning Loss as Schools Reopen? Trends and emerging good practices to support the most vulnerable children
Some countries are starting to reopen schools as others develop plans to do so following widespread and extended closures due to COVID-19. Using data ...

COVID-19: How prepared are global education systems for future crises?
This research brief is one of a series exploring the effects of COVID-19 on education. It focuses on how school closures affect children and the resiliency ...

COVID-19: Missing More Than a Classroom. The impact of school closures on children’s nutrition
In 2019, 135 million people in 55 countries were in food crises or worse, and 2 billion people did not have regular access to safe, nutritious and sufficient ...

As crianças que ficam para trás: Uma tabela classificativa da desigualdade no bem-estar das crianças nos países ricos
O presente Report Card apresenta uma primeira visão global das desigualdades no bem-estar das crianças em 24 dos países mais ricos do mundo. São examinadas ...

A Decade of Transition (Russian)
The fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989 paved the way for changes in every aspect of life in this region. New opportunities and new risks emerged for all ...

Un départ dans la vie marqué par les injustices Inégalités scolaires chez les enfants dans les pays riches
Dans les pays les plus riches, certains enfants connaissent plus de difficultés scolaires que d’autres, liées à des circonstances sur lesquelles ils n'ont ...

La didattica a distanza durante l’emergenza COVID-19: l’esperienza italiana
L'Italia e’ stata il primo paese in Europa ad aver applicato la misura del lockdown su tutto il territorio. I bambini e le loro famiglie hanno vissuto ...

The Difference a Dollar a Day Can Make: Lessons from UNICEF Jordan's Hajati cash transfer programme
What difference does a dollar a day make? For the poorest households in Jordan, many of whom escaped conflict in the Syrian Arab Republic, UNICEF Jordan’s ...

The Difference a Dollar a Day Makes: A Study of UNICEF Jordan’s Hajati Programme
What difference does a dollar a day make? For the poorest households in Jordan, many of whom escaped conflict in the Syrian Arab Republic, UNICEF Jordan’s ...

Early Childhood Development Revisited: From policy formulation to programme implementation
This is the report on an inter-agency workshop convened by the Education Cluster of UNICEF New York. The meeting undertook a detailed analysis of three ...

Early Marriage: Child Spouses
Research into early marriage has tended to concentrate on its impact on reproductive health, school drop-out and rising population figures, and there ...

Une école pour des enfants qui ont des droits
Tout enfant a droit à l'éducation. Cela est affirmé dans la Convention relative aux droits de l'enfant proclamée par les Nations Unies. Le but de l'éducation ...

Education and the Market: Which parts of the neo-liberal solution are correct?

Education and the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child: The challenge of implementation

Education for All?
The fifth Regional Monitoring Report continues the Centre's pioneering work of emphasizing the social side of the transition in Central and Eastern Europe ...

The Education of Children with Special Needs: Barriers and opportunities in Central and Eastern Europe
Children with disabilities and many others who experience difficulties in learning are often marginalized within or even excluded from school systems. ...

Education Rights and Minorities
Educational rights for minority groups may be included in states' education systems and also enshrined intheir statutes. However, states' laws, their ...

Education, Inequality and Transition
Evidence is considered on differences in access to education and in learning achievement within the countries of Central and Eastern Europe and the former ...

Education, Skills and Industrial Development in the Structural Transformation of Africa

Education, Urban Poverty and Migration: Evidence from Bangladesh and Vietnam
Despite the acknowledged importance and large scale of rural-urban migration in many developing countries, few studies have compared education outcomes ...

Les enfants laissés pour compte : tableau de classement des inégalités de bien-être entre les enfants des pays riches
Le présent Bilan présente un premier aperçu des inégalités en termes de bien-être infantile dans vingt-quatre des pays les plus riches du monde. Trois ...

La escuela y los derechos del niño
Todo niño tiene derecho a la educación. Esto es lo que establece la Convención de las Naciones Unidas sobre los Derechos del Niño. El objetivo de la educación ...

Experiences of Peer Bullying among Adolescents and Associated Effects on Young Adult Outcomes: Longitudinal Evidence from Ethiopia, India, Peru and Viet Nam
This study uses a mixed methods approach combining survey analysis of the predictors and associations with being bullied, with qualitative data to explore ...

Exploring Alternative Approaches to Combating Child Labour: Case studies from developing countries

I giovani nelle società in trasformazione - Sintesi
'I giovani nelle società in trasformazione' analizza le esperienze della 'generazione della transizione', i 68 milioni di giovani tra i 15 e i 24 anni ...

L'impact de la hausse des prix des produits alimentaires sur la pauvreté des enfants et les reponses politiques au Mali
Depuis 2006, le Mali subit de plein fouet les effets de la crise alimentaire mondiale avec des augmentations de prix allant jusqu'à 67%. Cette étude propose ...

The Impact of Community Violence on Educational Outcomes: A review of the literature
In recent decades, violence in and around schools has become a serious concern in Latin America and the Caribbean. This is not a new or isolated phenomenon, ...

The Impact of Social Protection on Children: A review of the literature
Based on an extensive analysis of the existing evidence on the impact of social protection programmes in the developing world, this paper aims to assess ...

The Impact of the Indonesian Financial Crisis on Children: An analysis using the 100 villages data
This paper examines the impact of the Asian crisis on children in Indonesia. School attendance dropped slightly after the onset of the crisis but has ...

Impacts of Pandemics and Epidemics on Child Protection: Lessons learned from a rapid review in the context of COVID-19

Innocenti Research Digest on Adolescence 14
The Adolescence Research Digest is a quarterly publication of UNICEF’s Office of Research-Innocenti. It synthesizes the latest research evidence, resources ...

Innocenti Social Monitor 2002
Social Monitor 2002 reviews recent socio-economic developments in the 27 countries of Central and Eastern Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States. ...

Innocenti Social Monitor 2002 (Russian version)
Социальный мониторинг, 2002 год содержит обзор социально экономических тенденций в 27 странах Центральной и Восточной Европы, а также Содружества Независимых ...

Innocenti Social Monitor 2009. Child Well-being at a Crossroads: Evolving challenges in Central and Eastern Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States
The evolving and diverging challenges for the well-being of children after two decades of transition are examined. Following a long period of sustained ...

Interventions to Reduce Violence against Children in Low- and Middle-income Countries. Pillar 7: Education and life skills
The production of evidence on interventions for reducing violence against children (VAC) has steadily increased over the years. Yet, gaps exist that need ...

Interventions to Reduce Violence Against Children in Low- and Middle-income Countries: Evidence and gap map research brief of phase 1 and 2 findings
Evidence on interventions for reducing violence against children (VAC) has steadily increased over the years. Yet, gaps remain when it comes to research ...

Investing in Teacher Capacity – The key to effective learning
While the Government of Lao PDR, through the Ministry of Education and Sports and its development partners, has made steady progress in expanding access ...

Is University Education More Important for a Boy than for a Girl? Social approval of unequal educational opportunity across 21 countries
The attitudes that we hold are shaped and nurtured by society, institutions, religion and family; they involve feelings, beliefs and behaviours and represent ...

Leading Minds Online Yearbook 2020
Leading Minds Online, like many good things, was born out of necessity. After a successful inaugural Leading Minds Conference at UNICEF Office of Research ...

A League Table of Educational Disadvantage in Rich Nations
This new report from the UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre considers the effectiveness of public education systems across the rich nations of the industrialised ...

Learning at a Distance: Children’s remote learning experiences in Italy during the COVID-19 pandemic
Italy was the first country in Europe to implement a nationwide lockdown. Children and their families lived in nearly complete isolation for almost two ...

Le mariage précoce
Les recherches sur le mariage précoce n’ont le plus souvent considéré que certains aspects spécifiques de l’impact du phénomène, comme ses répercussions ...

Il Matrimonio Precoce
Questo numero di Innocenti Digest affronta il tema del matrimonio precoce, la pratica di far sposare bambini ed adolescenti al di sotto dei 18 anni d'età, ...

Matrimonios prematuros
Este número del Innocenti Digest se ocupa de los matrimonios prematuros, es decir de los matrimonios de niños y jóvenes menores de 18 años, desde un punto ...

Los niños dejados atrás: una tabla clasificatoria de la desigualdad respecto al bienestar infantil en las naciones ricas del mundo
Esta Report Card presenta un primer panorama general de las desigualdades respecto al bienestar infantil en 24 de los países más ricos del mundo. Se examinan ...

Overview of Child Well-Being in Germany: Policy towards a supportive environment for children
Children’s opportunities to develop according to their talents and competencies and to establish trust in the adults with whom they live, their neighbourhoods, ...

Partire svantaggiati: La disuguaglianza educativa tra i bambini dei paesi ricchi
Nei paesi più ricchi del mondo, alcuni bambini hanno un rendimento scolastico inferiore ad altri a causa di circostanze al di fuori del loro controllo, ...

Poverty, Inequality and Policy Affecting Vulnerable Groups in Moldova
This paper analyzes the changes that have intervened in the field of income poverty and human poverty since the onset of the transition in Moldova. With ...

Promoting Children's Participation in Democratic Decision-Making
This Insight makes a strong case for listening to children, outlining the implications of failing to do so and challenging many of the arguments that ...

Promouvoir la participation des enfants au processus decisionnel democratique
Dans cet Insight Innocenti, Gerison Lansdown examine l’article 12 de la Convention relative aux droits de l’enfant, selon lequel les enfants ont le droit ...

Promuovere la partecipazione dei ragazzi per costruire la democrazia
In questa Indagine Innocenti, Gerison Lansdown prende in esame il significato dell'articolo 12 della Convenzione sui diritti dell'infanzia, nel quale ...

Recueil Innocenti de Recherches sur l’Adolescence Numéro 14
Synthèse trimestrielle présentant les ressources et les nouvelles les plus importantes parues au cours des trois derniers mois dans le domaine de la recherche ...

The Relationship between Education and Child Work
Millions of children throughout the developing world work. Not all child work should be cause for concern. Some work activities develop practical knowledge ...

Resumen Innocenti de Investigación sobre la Adolescencia 14
Resumen trimestral que destaca las noticias y recursos más significativos de la investigación sobre el bienestar de los adolescentes durante los tres ...

Review of the Circumstances among Children in Iimmigrant Families in Australia
Special Series on the Situation of Children in Immigrant Families in Affluent Societies There were about 1.5 million children 0 to 17 years ...

A School for Children with Rights: The significance of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child for modern education policy
The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child affirms that every child has a right to education. The purpose of education is to enable the child to develop ...

School Principals in Highly Effective Schools – Who are they and which good practices do they adopt?: Data Must Speak: Positive Deviance Research in Lao PDR
While the Government of Lao PDR, through the Ministry of Education and Sports and its development partners, has made steady progress in expanding access ...

School-related Economic Incentives in Latin America: Reducing drop-out and repetition and combating child labour
This paper examines the barriers to educational achievement presented by child labour and the formal education systems of Latin America. Parents put pressure ...

School-Related Violence in Latin America and the Caribbean: Building an evidence base for stronger schools
The prevalence of school-related violence and, in particular, bullying is not a new or isolated phenomenon, nor is it limited to certain schools or countries. ...

Simulation of the Effects of the Economic Crisis and Response Policies on Children in West and Central Africa: The Case of Burkina Faso
Burkina Faso’s hard earned economic gains in recent years have been eroded by the 2008-09 world financial and economic crisis. The country will particularly ...

The Situation among Children of Migrant Origin in Germany
Special Series on the Situation of Children in Immigrant Families in Affluent Societies Germany may be described as a country of immigrants. ...

The Situation of Children in Immigrant Families in Italy: Changes and challenges
Special Series on Children in Immigrant Families in Affluent Societies According to 2001 census data more than 900,000 children aged 0-17, ...

The Situation of Children in Immigrant Families in the United Kingdom
Special Series on Children in Immigrant Families in Affluent Societies The foreign-born population in the United Kingdom reached 4.9 million ...

A Sorting Hat that Fails? The transition from primary to secondary school in Germany
Germany ranks lowest regarding educational equalities among OECD countries, as the recently published PISA ‘Programme of International Student Assessment’ ...

The Subterranean Child Labour Force: Subcontracted home-based manufacturing in Asia
Child labour is widespread in home based manufacturing activities in the informal sector in most developing countries. This form of child labour will ...

Time to Teach: Assiduité des enseignants et temps d’enseignement dans les écoles primaires aux Comores
L’absentéisme des enseignants constitue un obstacle important à la réalisation d’une éducation universelle de qualité. Il est de plus en plus évident ...

Time to Teach: Teacher attendance and time on task in Eastern and Southern Africa
There is a learning crisis. Fifty-three per cent of children in low- and middle-income countries are in ‘learning poverty’, i.e. they cannot read and ...

Time to Teach: Teacher attendance and time on task in in primary schools in Puntland, State of Somalia
Teacher absenteeism constitutes a significant barrier to achieving national educational goals in many low- and middle-income countries, where teacher ...

Time to Teach: Teacher attendance and time on task in in primary schools in Rwanda
Teacher absenteeism constitutes a significant barrier to achieving quality universal education. There is mounting evidence that teacher absenteeism is ...

Time to Teach: Teacher attendance and time on task in in primary schools in Kenya
Teacher absenteeism constitutes a significant barrier to achieving quality education in many low- and middle-income countries globally, where teachers’ ...

Time to Teach: Teacher attendance and time on task in primary schools in Mozambique
This Time to Teach study collates and strengthens the evidence base on primary school teacher absenteeism in Mozambique. ...

Time to Teach: Teacher attendance and time on task in in primary schools in Uganda
Teacher absenteeism constitutes a significant barrier to achieving learning outcomes in many low- and middle-income countries, where teacher school absence ...

Time to Teach: Teacher attendance and time on task in primary schools South Sudan
The Government of South Sudan, through the Ministry of General Education and Instruction (MoGEI) and its development partners, has made efforts over the ...

Time to Teach: Teacher attendance and time on task in primary schools Tanzania
Teacher absenteeism constitutes a significant barrier to achieving quality education in many low- and middle-income countries globally, where teachers’ ...

Time to Teach: Teacher attendance and time on task in primary schools Zanzibar
Teacher absenteeism constitutes a significant barrier to achieving quality education in many low- and middle-income countries globally, where teachers’ ...

El Trabajo Infantile y la Educación Básica en America Latina y el Caribe

The Two Faces of Education in Ethnic Conflict: Towards a peacebuilding education for children
The Two Faces of Education in Ethnic Conflict challenges a widely-held assumption - that education is inevitably a force for good. While stressing the ...

Understanding Governance of Early Childhood Development and Education Systems and Services in Low-Income Countries
This initial exploratory study examines the governance and finance of Early Childhood Services (ECS) in three countries (Cambodia, Kenya and Lao People's ...

Unlocking Learning: The co-creation and effectiveness of a digital language learning course for refugees and migrants in Greece

The Urban Divide: Poor and middle class children’s experiences of school in Dhaka, Bangladesh
Children living in urban slums in Dhaka, Bangladesh, often have poor access to school and attend different types of school than students from middle class ...

La violencia doméstica contra mujeres y niñas
Este número del Innocenti Digest afronta el tema de la violencia doméstica, una de las formas de violencia contra mujeres y niñas más difundidas a nivel ...

What is the Effect of Child Labour on Learning Achievement? Evidence from Ghana
This paper analyzes the links between child labour and poor school performance, using data gathered in Ghana in recent years. The author examines the ...

What Works for Working Children?
The current upsurge of international concern about exploitative child labour has focused new attention on fundamental questions regarding children's work ...

Young People in Changing Societies
This seventh Regional Monitoring Report focuses on the experiences of young people during the transition. It examines the advantages and the obstacles ...

Young People in Changing Societies (Russian Version)
The Report focuses on the experiences of young people during the transition. It examines the advantages and the obstacles youth encounter as they grow ...

Young People in Changing Societies - Summary
Young People in Changing Societies focuses on the experiences of the ‘transition generation’ - the 65 million young people aged 15-24 in Central and Eastern ...

Young People in Changing Societies - Summary (Russian version)
Young People in Changing Societies focuses on the experiences of the ‘transition generation’ - the 65 million young people aged 15-24 in Central and Eastern ...

Zur Lage der Kinder in Deutschland: Politik für Kinder als Zukunftsgestaltung
Die Chancen von Kindern, sich in ihrer Lebensumwelt entsprechend ihren Fähigkeiten und Kompetenzen entwickeln zu können und Vertrauen zu den Erwachsenen ...

Социальный мониторинг "Инноченти",2009 год:Благополучие ребенка:переломный момент.Динамика проблем в Центральной и Восточной Европе и СНГ
По прошествии почти двух десятилетий переходного периода регион ЦВЕ/СНГ по-прежнему находится в состоянии перемен. После продолжительного периода устойчивого ...