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Essa Chanie Mussa

Consultant

Essa is an Innocenti consultant based in Ethiopia and is an Assistant Professor at the department of Agricultural Economics, University of Gondar, Ethiopia. Essa works at the intersection of education, health, labour markets, and behavioral economics. Currently, Essa is coordinating research activities on the Integrated Safety Net Programs (ISNP) impact evaluations in Amhara and Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. He holds PhD in Agricultural Economics from University of Bonn.

Publications

Child Marriage and Ethiopia’s Productive Safety Net Program: Analysis of protective pathways in the Amhara region
Publication Publication

Child Marriage and Ethiopia’s Productive Safety Net Program: Analysis of protective pathways in the Amhara region

Emerging evidence suggests that social protection programmes can have a positive role in delaying marriage for girls. But the pathways and design features by which programmes may influence child marriage outcomes remain unknown. This mixed-methods study explores whether and how the Productive Safety Net Program (PSNP) in Ethiopia, given its national reach and potential to address poverty, can also affect child marriage practice. It draws on descriptive quantitative and qualitative data from an ongoing impact evaluation of the Integrated Safety Net Program (ISNP) pilot in the Amhara region. It finds that PSNP, through an economic channel, is effective in reducing financial pressures on families to marry off girls and in improving girls’ education opportunities. Income-strengthening measures must, however, be accompanied by complementary efforts – including girls’ empowerment, awareness-raising and legal measures – to transform deep-rooted social and gender norms and attitudes that perpetuate the harmful practice of child marriage.