CONNECT
search advanced search
UNICEF Innocenti
Office of Research-Innocenti
search menu

Profiles

email

Bina D'Costa

Former Specialist (Former title)

Bina’s research interests span migration, children and conflict, gender, human rights and justice. She has undertaken studies on refugees, stateless communities and IDPs, and has provided inputs and technical advice to Human Rights bodies, UN agencies and NGOs. Most recently, she has served in UNICEF’s Rohingya Emergency Response Team in Cox’s Bazar Bangladesh. Her publications include books- Cascades of Violence: War, Crime and Peacebuilding Across South Asia (co-authored with John Braithwaite, ANU Press, 2018); Children and Violence: The Politics of Conflict in South Asia (Cambridge University Press, 2016); Children and Global Conflict (co-authored with Kim Huynh and Katrina Lee-Koo, Cambridge University Press, 2015); Nationbuilding, Gender and War Crimes in South Asia (Routledge, 2011, 2013); Marginalistation and Impunity: Violence against Women and Girls in the Chittagong Hill Tracts (CHTC and IWGIA, 2014, 2016); and Gender and the Global Politics of the Asia-Pacific (co-editor with Katrina Lee-Koo, Palgrave, 2010). Prior to joining UNICEF, she was an Associate Professor at the Department of International Relations, Coral Bell School of Asia-Pacific Affairs at the ANU. Bina has held visiting fellowships at the Graduate Institute for International and Development Studies, Geneva (2012-14); the Refugee Studies Center, Oxford University (2011-12) and the Global Justice Center, New York (2008). Bina has also served as the Asia Rapporteur for the Asia-Europe 55 member states ASEM global meeting on Children and Human Rights in 2017.

Publications

Child-related Concerns and Migration Decisions: Evidence from the Gallup World Poll
Publication Publication

Child-related Concerns and Migration Decisions: Evidence from the Gallup World Poll

Current times are characterized by unprecedented migration levels: millions of people are on the move worldwide. Thus, understanding why people decide to migrate is a major goal of policymakers and international organizations, and migration has become a prominent issue on the global research agenda. Traditional migration drivers can be divided into reasons to leave (‘push’ factors) and reasons to migrate (‘pull’ factors), and include income deprivation, dissatisfaction with public services and institutions in the home country, conflict and war, climate change, and social networks abroad. In this paper, we focus our attention on children’s well-being as a potential migration driver. We investigate it by using the Gallup World Poll, a repeated cross-section dataset of a survey conducted in more than 150 countries from 2006 to 2016. We estimate the association between planned and intended migration and children’s perceived well-being using logit models with standardized coefficients, robust standard errors, and year and country fixed effects. Estimates reveal a positive and statistically significant association between child-related concerns, migration intent and plans. In particular, the probability of individuals having migration intent and plans increases where they report lower levels of satisfaction with child-related issues, as measured by the Youth Development Index, an index driven by indicators of respect for children and satisfaction with the education system. Moreover, children’s well-being affects more individuals living in households with children than those without. Finally, migration is a child- and youth-related phenomenon: young individuals would like to migrate, and plan to do so, more than older individuals.
Migration and Inequality: Making policies inclusive for every child
Publication Publication

Migration and Inequality: Making policies inclusive for every child

Drawing on Europe’s experience, this brief provides a cross-country comparative overview of inequality affecting children in the migration pathway, who are often described as 'children on the move'. Following a brief overview of the policy and practice in relation to various categories of refugee and migration children in Europe, it reflects on the performance of the countries with regard to Target 10.7 of the SDG.
Not Refugee Children, Not Migrant Children, But Children First: Lack of a systematic and integrated approach
Publication Publication

Not Refugee Children, Not Migrant Children, But Children First: Lack of a systematic and integrated approach

This brief takes a deep dive in the semantics and conceptual issues in the children and migration discourse, and highlights some of the key implementation gaps. It offers a summary of the risks, vulnerabilities and protection needs of children as refugees and migration in Europe. Using the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and the Convention on the Rights of the Child as the normative frameworks, this brief also emphasizes how the voices of children in migration pathway must be heard and respected.

Articles

Asia’s Child Migrants
Article Article

Asia’s Child Migrants

Blogs

30.6 million new internal displacements in 2017, children are among the most vulnerable
Blog Blog

30.6 million new internal displacements in 2017, children are among the most vulnerable

This week, the Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC) launched its 2018 Global Report on Internal Displacement (GRID 2018), which presents data and analysis on the patterns and trends of internal displacement worldwide. The main findings of this report show that despite twenty years of global and national policy effort, since the publication of the UN Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement in 1998, the pace of displacement is still outstripping efforts to address it.
Children and migration decisions: Evidence from the Gallup World Poll
Blog Blog

Children and migration decisions: Evidence from the Gallup World Poll

Migration is a major human phenomenon that has accompanied civilization since the origins of mankind. ...
Why research should be a priority in the global response to the child migration crisis
Blog Blog

Why research should be a priority in the global response to the child migration crisis

Rayyan Sabet-Parry, consultant at UNICEF Innocenti, speaks to Bina D’Costa, migration specialist at UNICEF Innocenti

Journal articles

Gender Justice and (In)security in Pakistan and Afghanistan
Journal Article Journal Article

Gender Justice and (In)security in Pakistan and Afghanistan

Podcasts

The Role of Research on Migration: Insights on Migrants’ Experiences with Bina D'Costa
Podcast Podcast

The Role of Research on Migration: Insights on Migrants’ Experiences with Bina D'Costa

The Role of Research on Migration: Insights on Migrants’ Experiences with Bina D'Costa
Podcast Podcast

The Role of Research on Migration: Insights on Migrants’ Experiences with Bina D'Costa

Protected on Paper? An analysis of Nordic country responses to asylum-seeking children
Podcast Podcast

Protected on Paper? An analysis of Nordic country responses to asylum-seeking children

Bina D'Costa on migrant and refugee children and role of research
Podcast Podcast

Bina D'Costa on migrant and refugee children and role of research