Marital Splits and Income Changes: Evidence for Britain

Marital Splits and Income Changes: Evidence for Britain

AUTHOR(S)
Sarah Jarvis; Stephen P. Jenkins

The relationship between marital splits and personal income changes is of great relevance to social policy. The aim of this paper is to provide new longitudinal evidence for Britain about the relationship between marital splits and changes in personal economic well-being using data from the first four waves (1991-94) of the British Household Panel Survey. It finds that marital dissolution is associated with significant decreases in real income for separating wives and the children of separating couples, and that separating husbands do not fare as badly. The paper’s conclusions about the different experiences of separating husbands and separating wives and children echo those of earlier studies for the United States, Germany and Canada. This is interesting because of the diversity of labour markets and welfare states across these countries and suggests that outcomes may be linked to gender-related differences that are common across countries.
Cite this publication | No. of pages: 38 | Thematic area: Industrialized Countries | Tags: divorce, family income, family life, family relationships, social policy | Publisher: UNICEF ICDC, Florence
Children in Difficult Circumstances in Poland

Children in Difficult Circumstances in Poland

AUTHOR(S)
Stanislawa Golinowska; Bozena Balcerzak-Paradowska; Bozena Kolaczek; Dorata Glogosz

This paper offers an analysis of the hardships and the threats to children during the transition in Poland. Because all the various poverty lines used to distinguish the poor from the non-poor point to the same conclusion that under-15-year-olds represent the population group most at risk of poverty. The paper also presents a picture of the most significant negative social effects of the transition process, particularly as they apply to households with children.
Cite this publication | No. of pages: 66 | Thematic area: Countries in Transition | Tags: child poverty, economic and social conditions, economic transition | Publisher: UNICEF ICDC, Florence
Children at Risk in Romania:  Problems old and new

Children at Risk in Romania: Problems old and new

AUTHOR(S)
Catalin Zamfir; Elena Zamfir

This paper has three parts. The first examines the problems of Romanian children at risk in their natural families; the second analyses the conditions of abandoned children, children in institutions and other children in special circumstances of risk; and the third offers a summary of the present policy environment. Since many of the features of the situation of children today and of current child-protection policies are the product of a historical process, the paper also details the evolution under the former socialist government administrations of the approach towards children and towards social protection.
Cite this publication | No. of pages: 56 | Thematic area: Countries in Transition | Tags: child care, children at risk, economic transition, institutionalized children, social policy | Publisher: UNICEF ICDC, Florence
The Transition in Georgia:  From collapse to optimism

The Transition in Georgia: From collapse to optimism

AUTHOR(S)
Teimuraz Gogishvili; Joseph Gogodze; Amiran Tsakadze

This working paper documents the economic and social crises in Georgia during the 1990s, their structural causes and the survival strategies adopted by the Georgian population, the vast majority of whom became impoverished, with large families particularly vulnerable. It also examines the hopes for improvement that began to appear in 1995 with the stabilization of the political and criminal situation, the adoption of a new currency and constitution, and real rises in GDP, production and the value of wages across the economy.
Cite this publication | No. of pages: 54 | Thematic area: Countries in Transition | Tags: economic transition, poverty, social development | Publisher: UNICEF ICDC, Florence
Economic Reforms and Family Well-being in Belarus: Caught between legacies and prospects

Economic Reforms and Family Well-being in Belarus: Caught between legacies and prospects

AUTHOR(S)
Galina I. Gasyuk; Antonina P. Morova

Cite this publication | No. of pages: 50 | Thematic area: Countries in Transition | Tags: economic reform, economic transition, family policy, family welfare | Publisher: UNICEF ICDC, Florence
Economic Transition in the Baltics: Independence, market reforms and child well-being in Lithuania

Economic Transition in the Baltics: Independence, market reforms and child well-being in Lithuania

AUTHOR(S)
Romas Lazutka; Zita Sniukstiene

Cite this publication | No. of pages: 50 | Thematic area: Countries in Transition | Tags: child welfare, economic reform, economic transition, market economy | Publisher: UNICEF ICDC, Florence
Child Institutionalization and Child Protection in Central and Eastern Europe

Child Institutionalization and Child Protection in Central and Eastern Europe

AUTHOR(S)
Mary Anne Burke

This paper looks at how the transition from the planned to the free market economy has altered the nature of state protective child care provision in Central and Eastern Europe. The old systems were run according to an underlying state ideology that stressed an insensitive ‘medical model’ of care. This ‘treatment’ was often a worse fate than the deprived contexts from which the children had been removed. But matters have little improved since the collapse of the old regimes. The economic, political, moral and spiritual ramifications of the rapid transition have led to further social unravelling. And children have borne the brunt of its effects.
Cite this publication | No. of pages: 58 | Thematic area: Countries in Transition | Tags: child care services, child protection, economic transition | Publisher: UNICEF ICDC, Florence
The Winding Road to the Market Transition and the Situation of Children in Bulgaria

The Winding Road to the Market Transition and the Situation of Children in Bulgaria

AUTHOR(S)
Theodora Ivanova Noncheva

Cite this publication | No. of pages: 40 | Thematic area: Countries in Transition | Tags: child welfare, economic transition | Publisher: UNICEF ICDC, Florence
Market Reforms and Social Welfare in the Czech Republic: A true success story?

Market Reforms and Social Welfare in the Czech Republic: A true success story?

AUTHOR(S)
Miroslav Hirsl; Jiri Rusnok; Martin Fassmann

Cite this publication | No. of pages: 44 | Thematic area: Countries in Transition | Tags: economic policy, economic transition, social welfare | Publisher: UNICEF ICDC, Florence
Demographic Impact of Sudden Impoverishment: Eastern Europe during the 1989-94 transition

Demographic Impact of Sudden Impoverishment: Eastern Europe during the 1989-94 transition

AUTHOR(S)
Giovanni Andrea Cornia; Renato Paniccià

An alarming drop in population numbers has been observed in many of the transitional countries of Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Bloc since the collapse of communism in the region. This paper documents the extent and causes of the crisis. The author finds wanting the currently fashionable explanation - that the observed trends are merely apparent; a phantom risen from the wreckage of the communist propaganda machine. But neither can traditional demographic modelling techniques adequately interpret the dramatic changes being felt in the region. The message is clear. These issues are due a revised approach, for only through a better understanding of the problem can the right solutions be found.
Cite this publication | No. of pages: 48 | Thematic area: Countries in Transition | Tags: demography, economic transition, mortality rate, poverty | Publisher: UNICEF ICDC, Florence
East Joins West: Child welfare and market reforms in the 'special case' of the former GDR

East Joins West: Child welfare and market reforms in the 'special case' of the former GDR

AUTHOR(S)
Magdalena Joos

The collapse of communism in East Germany took place alongside unification with its democratic neighbour, West Germany. This made the East German experience of the ‘transition’ - from the planned to the free-market economy - unique among that of the post-socialist states. On the one hand, unification allowed East Germans to benefit from the resource and human capital of one of the world’s richest countries. On the other, the sudden bringing-together of two populations geared to different standards of living had a negative psychological impact among the poorer Easterners. This paper looks at how such specifics of the East German experience have influenced the development of policies and services for the country’s children.
Cite this publication | No. of pages: 56 | Thematic area: Countries in Transition | Tags: child welfare, economic transition, standard of living | Publisher: UNICEF ICDC, Florence
Ugly Facts and Fancy Theories: Children and youth during the transition

Ugly Facts and Fancy Theories: Children and youth during the transition

AUTHOR(S)
Giovanni Andrea Cornia

Cite this publication | No. of pages: 52 | Thematic area: Countries in Transition | Tags: child related policies, economic transition | Publisher: UNICEF ICDC, Florence
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