Ugly Facts and Fancy Theories: Children and youth during the transition

Ugly Facts and Fancy Theories: Children and youth during the transition

AUTHOR(S)
Giovanni Andrea Cornia

Cite this publication | No. of pages: 52 | Thematic area: Countries in Transition | Tags: child related policies, economic transition | Publisher: UNICEF ICDC, Florence
Poverty, Children and Policy: Responses for a brighter future (Russian version)

Poverty, Children and Policy: Responses for a brighter future (Russian version)

Published: 1995 Regional Monitoring Report
Despite improved economic performance in Central and Eastern Europe in 1994 and 1995, there was still no clear and comprehensive evidence that the welfare crisis was ending. This third Regional Monitoring Report confirms the social trends observed since 1989, showing in particular that children have suffered disproportionately in the fields of child care, education, adolescent protection and poverty. The Report maintains that untimely, partial, or clearly erroneous policies have contributed to this deterioration in child welfare and proposes a series of policy guidelines for a "transition with a human face". These include the promotion of an employment and self-employment based anti-poverty strategy and some important measures in the fields of health, education and child care.
Cite this publication | No. of pages: 164 | Thematic area: Countries in Transition | Tags: economic development, economic transition, poverty | Publisher: ICDC
Crisis in Mortality, Health and Nutrition

Crisis in Mortality, Health and Nutrition

Published: 1994 Regional Monitoring Report
After the collapse of the communist system in 1989, most Eastern European countries experienced a mortality and health crisis. However, this did not hit the traditionally most vulnerable groups - children, adolescents, women and the elderly - but male adults in the 20-59 age group. The Report indicates that the surge is largely dependent on three transition-related factors: widespread impoverishment, erosion of preventive health services, sanitary and medical services and social stress. Although infants, children and young adolescents have not been greatly or directly affected by the mortality crisis, the Report points out that their situation has been severely threatened by more frequent sickness and greater nutritional imbalances, while the upturn in adult deaths is leading to a considerably heightened risk of poverty, abandonment or orphanhood.
Cite this publication | No. of pages: 110 | Thematic area: Countries in Transition | Tags: child health, child mortality, child nutrition, economic transition, social services, vulnerable groups | Publisher: UNICEF ICDC, Florence
Death in Transition: The rise in the death rate in Russia since 1992

Death in Transition: The rise in the death rate in Russia since 1992

AUTHOR(S)
Kitty Stewart; Jacob Nell

From January 1992 to the first half of 1994 the death rate in Russia rose by over 30 per cent, a rise of a magnitude never before seen in an industrialized country without a war or famine. In 1993 alone the life expectancy of a Russian man fell from 62 to 59. This paper examines the nature and causes of this unprecedented and disastrous increase.
Cite this publication | No. of pages: 72 | Thematic area: Countries in Transition | Tags: demography, economic transition, mortality rate | Publisher: UNICEF ICDC, Florence
Income Distribution, Poverty and Welfare in Transitional Economies: A comparison between Eastern Europe and China

Income Distribution, Poverty and Welfare in Transitional Economies: A comparison between Eastern Europe and China

AUTHOR(S)
Giovanni Andrea Cornia

Cite this publication | No. of pages: 48 | Thematic area: Countries in Transition | Tags: economic transition, income distribution, poverty, welfare economics | Publisher: UNICEF ICDC, Florence
Family Support Policies in Transitional Economies: Challenges and constraints

Family Support Policies in Transitional Economies: Challenges and constraints

AUTHOR(S)
Gaspar Fajth

The propagandists of ancien regime Russia and Eastern Europe portrayed state family support policies as models of care and efficiency. The collapse of communism revealed that this was a much distorted picture of the reality. But the positive work of these schemes should not be forgotten. Help available from the state did indeed do much to offset the financial strain that child-rearing inevitably imposes upon poorer families. This paper looks at how such policies have fared in nine of the countries that have undergone the transition to the free-market economy. It asks whether such positives as did exist prior to 1989 have survived to benefit the children of today. It concludes with a discussion of what can be done to improve matters for families of the region, arguing for an approach that would utilise the already existent infrastructure of care that remains as a relic of the old regimes.
Cite this publication | No. of pages: 72 | Thematic area: Countries in Transition | Tags: child poverty, economic transition, family policy, family welfare | Publisher: UNICEF ICDC, Florence
Crisis in Mortality, Health and Nutrition (Russian version)

Crisis in Mortality, Health and Nutrition (Russian version)

Published: 1994 Regional Monitoring Report
After the collapse of the communist system in 1989, most Eastern European countries experienced a mortality and health crisis. However, this did not hit the traditionally most vulnerable groups - children, adolescents, women and the elderly - but male adults in the 20-59 age group. The Report indicates that the surge is largely dependent on three transition-related factors: widespread impoverishment, erosion of preventive health services, sanitary and medical services and social stress. Although infants, children and young adolescents have not been greatly or directly affected by the mortality crisis, the Report points out that their situation has been severely threatened by more frequent sickness and greater nutritional imbalances, while the upturn in adult deaths is leading to a considerably heightened risk of poverty, abandonment or orphanhood.
Public Policy and Social Conditions

Public Policy and Social Conditions

Published: 1993 Regional Monitoring Report
In the early 1990s considerable attention was given to the issues of stabilization, privatization, taxation and labour market adjustment in the Eastern Europe transition, but demographic and welfare issues received less attention. While the economic and social reforms undertaken were desirable they faced severe problems of implementation and involved economic, social and political costs far greater than anticipated. This first Report highlights the fact that initial hopes for rapid transformation and economic prosperity were quickly tempered by a considerable decline in output, employment and incomes, a worsening of some social indicators, and the appearance of new welfare problems. The Report warns against neglecting the social costs of transition which affect children and adults, but also threaten the entire reform process.
Public Policy and Social Conditions (Russian version)

Public Policy and Social Conditions (Russian version)

Published: 1993 Regional Monitoring Report
In the early 1990s considerable attention was given to the issues of stabilization, privatization, taxation and labour market adjustment in the Eastern Europe transition, but demographic and welfare issues received less attention. While the economic and social reforms undertaken were desirable they faced severe problems of implementation and involved economic, social and political costs far greater than anticipated. This first Report highlights the fact that initial hopes for rapid transformation and economic prosperity were quickly tempered by a considerable decline in output, employment and incomes, a worsening of some social indicators, and the appearance of new welfare problems. The Report warns against neglecting the social costs of transition which affect children and adults, but also threaten the entire reform process.
Poverty Measurement in Central and Eastern Europe before the Transition to the Market Economy

Poverty Measurement in Central and Eastern Europe before the Transition to the Market Economy

AUTHOR(S)
Sandor Sipos

Cite this publication | No. of pages: 68 | Thematic area: Countries in Transition | Tags: economic transition, measurement, poverty reduction | Publisher: UNICEF ICDC, Florence
Child Welfare and the Socialist Experiment: Social and economic trends in the USSR 1960-90

Child Welfare and the Socialist Experiment: Social and economic trends in the USSR 1960-90

AUTHOR(S)
Alexander Riazantsev; Sandor Sipos; Oleg Labetsky

Cite this publication | No. of pages: 58 | Thematic area: Countries in Transition | Tags: child welfare, economic transition, socialism | Publisher: UNICEF ICDC, Florence
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