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Fiscal incidence analysis is the most widely used methodology to assess the distributional effects of fiscal policies. However, for 40 years, it has lacked a child lens. A child focus on the redistributive capacity of fiscal policy is increasingly important due to the disproportionate incidence of poverty among children globally. This paper provides a child-dedicated focus on fiscal incidence analysis by tracking child-relevant benefits, turning children the unit of analysis, and using multidimensional child poverty metrics. The analysis—Commitment to Equity for Children, or CEQ4C—integrates three analytical frameworks, namely, public finance, fiscal incidence analysis, and multidimensional child poverty analysis. The paper develops a proof of concept for Uganda that includes measurement, diagnostics, and a policy simulation package replicable across diverse contexts. The proof of concept confirms that CEQ4C provides a higher-resolution fiscal incidence analysis for children than the traditional fiscal incidence analysis.

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The Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) target 1.2 implies that both monetary and non-monetary or multidimensional (MD) child poverty would be measured and monitored, and that the associated indicators would be defined nationally. However, very few countries routinely measure child MD poverty.

AUTHOR(S)

Lisa Hjelm; Lucia Ferrone; Sudhanshu Handa; Yekaterina Chzhen
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Based on nationally representative data from the Armenian Integrated Living Conditions Survey 2013/14, the study finds that 64 per cent of children under 18 are deprived in 2 or more dimensions, with a substantially higher rate in rural than in urban areas. The highest rates of deprivation are in access to utilities, quality housing and leisure activities. More than one in four children are both multidimensionally deprived and live in consumption-poor households, while more than one in three are deprived but do not live in poor households.

Although child and adolescent inequalities are still less understood than those of adults, we have made progress in understanding the pathways that lead to negative outcomes and the limitations of some ‘adult-specific’ indicators as proxies of young people’s health and well-being. This paper aims to summarise relevant knowledge on the socio-economic causes of health inequalities in children.

AUTHOR(S)

Aixa Y. Alemán-Díaz; Emilia Toczydlowska; Joanna Mazur; Diana Frasquilho; Marina Melkumova; Goran Holmqvist
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An effective global monitoring system for child food insecurity is needed to increase awareness about the nature, extent, and distribution of child food insecurity, both within and across countries and regions, and over time. The effectiveness of a global monitoring system rests on two components: measurement of child food insecurity that reliably and accurately captures the phenomenon, and a vehicle for delivering that measurement to samples that support reliable and accurate inference to the populations of interest.

AUTHOR(S)

Maryah S. Fram; Jennifer Bernal; Edward A. Frongillo
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This study provides the first estimates of national multidimensional child deprivation rates in Bosnia and Herzegovina using the National Multiple Overlapping Deprivation Analysis (MODA) pioneered by UNICEF. Amongst the findings of the analysis, it is seen that a reduction in child poverty and deprivation may be achieved by improving both the spending power of households and the availability of services/infrastructure in local areas.

El proyecto ERIC fue motivado por el interés común en el ámbito internacional de respetar la dignidad humana de los niños, al igual que sus derechos y su bienestar, en todas las investigaciones, independientemente de su contexto.

AUTHOR(S)

Nicola Taylor; Robyn Fitzgerald
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ERIC a été motivé par la préoccupation internationale commune de mettre à l’honneur la dignité humaine des enfants et de respecter leurs droits et leur bien-être dans toute recherche, indépendamment du contexte.

CO-AUTHOR(S)

Mary Ann Powell; Nicola Taylor; Robyn Fitzgerald
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Le présent rapport propose des points de vue divers et détaillés sur la manière dont la récession a touché les enfants dans les pays développés. Des données officielles ont permis d’évaluer l’impact sur les enfants dans les pays de l’Union européenne (UE) et/ou de l’Organisation de coopération et de développement économiques (OCDE). Dans chaque pays, la gravité de la récession, les conditions économiques antérieures, la solidité des dispositifs de protection sociale, et surtout les mesures prises par le gouvernement ont déterminé l’ampleur et la nature des effets de la crise sur les enfants.

AUTHOR(S)

Gonzalo Fanjul
Questo report fornisce prospettive diverse e articolate sugli effetti della recessione sui bambini nel mondo industrializzato. Per valutarne l'impatto sui bambini dei paesi dell'Unione Europea (UE) e/o dell'Organizzazione per la cooperazione e lo sviluppo economico (OCSE) sono stati utilizzati dati ufficiali. In ciascun paese, la portata e la natura dell'impatto della crisi sui bambini sono state influenzate dalla profondità della recessione, dalle condizioni economiche pre-esistenti, dalla solidità della rete di previdenza sociale e, cosa ancor più importante, dalle risposte politiche.

AUTHOR(S)

Gonzalo Fanjul
41 items found