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Betreuung und Bildung in der frühen Kindheit war lange Zeit im Westen Deutschlands ein Thema, das wenig Aufmerksamkeit fand. Weithin herrschte die Vorstellung, dass Kleinkinder zu Hause versorgt werden sollten. Aufgrund von Warnungen, die von Kinderärzten und Bindungsforschern kamen, wurden junge Kinder nur in dringenden Fällen in Krippen oder von Tagesmüttern betreut. Eltern, die solche Einrichtungen in Anspruch nahmen, hatten oft ein schlechtes Gewissen.

AUTHOR(S)

Katharina C. Spiess; Eva M. Berger; Olaf Groh-Samberg
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In comparison to the Early Childhood Education and Care (ECEC) systems of many other advanced economies the German system can be characterised as relatively uniform, when looking at programmes and providers. But in other ways, there are considerable variations. There are considerable regional differences in governance, funding, and attendance rates, in particular with respect to certain socio-economic groups. This paper describes and evaluates these differences, mainly from an economic perspective and also taking child well-being into account.

AUTHOR(S)

Katharina C. Spiess; Eva M. Berger; Olaf Groh-Samberg
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The study analyses how the Philippines’ national Child Friendly Movement, which has engaged government, NGOs, civil society, children and UNICEF, has enhanced the capacity of local governments, communities and young people to fulfil the rights of the poorest children. The study uses participatory methodologies and reflects the viewpoint of children and the community. It reveals that in areas where the Child Friendly Cities strategy was adopted, greater attention is paid to the most excluded and vulnerable groups and interventions are developed on a wider spectrum of children’s rights.

AUTHOR(S)

Mary Racelis; Angela Desiree M. Aguirre

CONTRIBUTOR(S)

Liane Pena-Alampay; Felisa U. Etemadi; Teresa Banaynal Fernandez; Rosemarie Matias Fernandez; Marita Castro Guevara; silvio garatini; Ching Li Ye; Eunice Anne M. Enriquez; Careza P. Reyes
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This paper investigates the changes that occurred in Bulgaria over the last decade in three dimensions of child welfare recognised as fundamental child rights - economic well-being, health and education. It then concentrates on particularly vulnerable groups of children - those born of teenage and single mothers and those living in institutions.

AUTHOR(S)

Roumiana Gantcheva
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AUTHOR(S)

James R. Himes; Vicky Colbert de Arboleda; Emilio Garcia Mendez
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This paper investigates the dilemmas that arise in applying the ‘best interests’ principle - particularly as the term is used in Article 3(1) of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child - to concrete situations involving the treatment of children.

AUTHOR(S)

Philip Alston; Bridget Gilmour-Walsh
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The high primary school enrolment rates in Latin America and the Caribbean mask poor performance in terms of the quality, relevance and cost-effectiveness of formal schooling in the region. What happens to the millions of children who repeat school years, underperform in their first years of schooling and eventually drop out? The vast majority are working children of one sort or another, but their work is likely to lead nowhere in terms of expanded opportunities or eventually to a decent standard of living for them and their future families.

AUTHOR(S)

James R. Himes; Vicky Colbert de Arboleda; Emilio Garcia Mendez
LANGUAGES:

The Convention on the Rights of the Child has now been ratified by 191 nations. Notwithstanding, securing the principles and necessary legal safeguards remains a difficult achievement. Laws and jurisprudence must be firmly linked to the national reality to avoid them being well-meant placebos.

AUTHOR(S)

Emilio Garcia Mendez
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AUTHOR(S)

Irene Rizzini; Irma Rizzini; Monica Munhoz; Lidia Galeano
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This paper offers an analysis of the hardships and the threats to children during the transition in Poland. Because all the various poverty lines used to distinguish the poor from the non-poor point to the same conclusion that under-15-year-olds represent the population group most at risk of poverty.

AUTHOR(S)

Stanislawa Golinowska; Bozena Balcerzak-Paradowska; Bozena Kolaczek; Dorata Glogosz
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49 items found