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This paper aims to document the likely direct and indirect impacts of the COVID-19 crisis in developed and developing countries. It also aims to identify potential urgent measures to alleviate such impacts on children. Thirty-three years after the UNICEF report, 'Adjustment with a Human Face', the authors warn of the effects of the pandemic which are likely to be considerable and comparable to the recession and debt crisis of the 1980s. The heavy costs for children can only be avoided with systematic and concerted efforts on the part of governments and the international community, to provide extensive financial and social support for the poor, and to invest in the health and education systems, in order to offset the negative impact of the virus-induced recession.

AUTHOR(S)

Giovanni Andrea Cornia; Richard Jolly; Frances Stewart
LANGUAGES:

Fiscal incidence analysis is the most widely used methodology to assess the distributional effects of fiscal policies. However, for 40 years, it has lacked a child lens. A child focus on the redistributive capacity of fiscal policy is increasingly important due to the disproportionate incidence of poverty among children globally. This paper provides a child-dedicated focus on fiscal incidence analysis by tracking child-relevant benefits, turning children the unit of analysis, and using multidimensional child poverty metrics. The analysis—Commitment to Equity for Children, or CEQ4C—integrates three analytical frameworks, namely, public finance, fiscal incidence analysis, and multidimensional child poverty analysis. The paper develops a proof of concept for Uganda that includes measurement, diagnostics, and a policy simulation package replicable across diverse contexts. The proof of concept confirms that CEQ4C provides a higher-resolution fiscal incidence analysis for children than the traditional fiscal incidence analysis.

AUTHOR(S)

Jose Cuesta; Jon Jellema; Yekaterina Chzhen; Lucia Ferrone
LANGUAGES:

This paper sets out to provide a conceptual understanding of the gender socialization process during adolescence, its influences and outcomes, and practical suggestions on how to use this knowledge in the design of policies and programmes to improve gender equality.

AUTHOR(S)

Neetu A. John; Kirsten Stoebenau; Samantha Ritter; Jeffrey Edmeades; Nikola Balvin
LANGUAGES:

Utilizando los datos longitudinales del estudio realizado porYoung Lives,1 este informe sintetiza la investigación que examina si el castigo corporal en las escuelas se asocia con efectos duraderos sobre el desarrollo cognitivo de los niños. El castigo corporal no solo viola los derechos fundamentales de los niños a la dignidad y la integridad física sino que también socava su capacidad para aprender, con repercusiones duraderas para sus opciones de vida.

AUTHOR(S)

Hayley Jones; Kirrily Pells
LANGUAGES:

En utilisant les données longitudinales de l’étude Young Lives, ce Mémoire résume la recherche don't l’objectif est de vérifier si les châtiments corporels à l’école entraînent des effets durables sur le développement cognitif des enfants. Les châtiments corporels n’enfreignent pas uniquement les droits fondamentaux des enfants à la dignité et à l’intégrité physique, mais entravent aussi leur capacité d’apprentissage, avec par ailleurs des conséquences à long terme sur leurs chances d’épanouissement.

AUTHOR(S)

Hayley Jones; Kirrily Pells
LANGUAGES:

Using longitudinal data from the Young Lives study, this Brief summarizes research examining whether corporal punishment in schools is associated with lasting effects on children’s cognitive development. The findings conclude that corporal punishment not only violates children’s fundamental rights to dignity and bodily integrity but also undermines their capacity to learn, with lasting implications for their life chances.

AUTHOR(S)

Hayley Jones; Kirrily Pells
LANGUAGES:

This book glimpses the leadership and achievements of Jim Grant during his period as Executive Director of UNICEF (1980-1995). Each chapter is written by one of his close colleagues - one of those who was privileged to share in the excitement of the efforts and victories for children during those intense years. Jim Grant was a professional and a visionary, an analyst with vast experience and an activist of almost unlimited commitment. At the time of his death it was estimated that, because of his influence, at least 25 million children were alive who would otherwise have died in early life.

EDITOR(S)

Richard Jolly
LANGUAGES:

The paper reflects on the potential of the OECD DAC creditor reporting system to systematically capture flows of official development assistance (ODA) in support of realising children’s rights. The growth in modalities for delivering aid - including sector programmes, SWAP’s, dedicated funds which encompass public-private partnerships such as the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria, as well as the OECD-DAC commitment to promote harmonization and simplification in provision of ODA and promote government ownership through general budget support - raises challenges to assessing ODA for children. The paper goes on to analyse ODA trends for basic social services.

CO-AUTHOR(S)

Eva Jespersen; Julia Benn
LANGUAGES:

This unique study goes beyond the standard analysis of child poverty based on poverty rates at one point in time and documents how much movement into and out of poverty by children there actually is, covering a range of industrialised countries - the USA, UK, Germany, Ireland, Spain, Hungary and Russia. £st23.95

AUTHOR(S)

John Micklewright; Bruce Bradbury; Stephen P. Jenkins
LANGUAGES:

This paper compares child poverty dynamics cross-nationally using panel data from seven nations: the USA, Britain, Germany, Ireland, Spain, Hungary, and Russia. As well as using standard relative poverty definitions the paper examines flows into and out of the poorest fifth of the children's income distribution.

AUTHOR(S)

Bruce Bradbury; Stephen P. Jenkins; John Micklewright
LANGUAGES:

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