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64 items found
La evaluación se basa en una combinación de hechos y valores (principios, atributos o cualidades que se consideran intrínsecamente buenos, deseables, importantes y de utilidad general , por ejemplo «ser justos con todos») para calibrar el mérito de una intervención (es decir, de un programa o una política). Los criterios de evaluación especifican los valores que se emplearán en esta.

AUTHOR(S)

Greet Peersman
LANGUAGES:
Utilizando los datos longitudinales del estudio realizado porYoung Lives,1 este informe sintetiza la investigación que examina si el castigo corporal en las escuelas se asocia con efectos duraderos sobre el desarrollo cognitivo de los niños. El castigo corporal no solo viola los derechos fundamentales de los niños a la dignidad y la integridad física sino que también socava su capacidad para aprender, con repercusiones duraderas para sus opciones de vida.

AUTHOR(S)

Hayley Jones; Kirrily Pells
LANGUAGES:
En utilisant les données longitudinales de l’étude Young Lives, ce Mémoire résume la recherche don't l’objectif est de vérifier si les châtiments corporels à l’école entraînent des effets durables sur le développement cognitif des enfants. Les châtiments corporels n’enfreignent pas uniquement les droits fondamentaux des enfants à la dignité et à l’intégrité physique, mais entravent aussi leur capacité d’apprentissage, avec par ailleurs des conséquences à long terme sur leurs chances d’épanouissement.

AUTHOR(S)

Hayley Jones; Kirrily Pells
LANGUAGES:
Using longitudinal data from the Young Lives study, this Brief summarizes research examining whether corporal punishment in schools is associated with lasting effects on children’s cognitive development. The findings conclude that corporal punishment not only violates children’s fundamental rights to dignity and bodily integrity but also undermines their capacity to learn, with lasting implications for their life chances.

AUTHOR(S)

Hayley Jones; Kirrily Pells
LANGUAGES:
Approximately half of all mental health disorders begin by age 14, and three-quarters by age 24. Among adolescents, depression is one of the leading contributors to morbidity, while suicide and interpersonal violence are among the leading causes of mortality.

AUTHOR(S)

Audrey Pereira
LANGUAGES:
A common perception surrounding the design and implementation of social cash transfers is that those targeted to families with young children will incentivize families to have more children. To date, however, research on unconditional cash transfer programmes in Africa (including Kenya, Malawi, South Africa and Zambia) have demonstrated no impacts of cash transfer programmes on increased fertility.

AUTHOR(S)

Tia Palermo; Lisa Hjelm
LANGUAGES:
This is the first study from sub-Saharan Africa examining the relation between cash transfers and fertility using a large-sample social experiment design and reporting fertility histories of individual women. The findings are important because they provide strong evidence that a social protection programme targeted to families with young children does not create the unintended effect of increased fertility.

AUTHOR(S)

Lisa Hjelm; Tia Palermo
LANGUAGES:
Unlike conditional cash transfers, unconditional transfers have the potential to impact all beneficiary household members across a range of productive and social domains. After two years, research shows that the Zambian Child Grant Programme has led to strong positive impacts in investment and diversification of income-generating activities, food security, and asset accumulation.

AUTHOR(S)

Audrey Pereira
LANGUAGES:
The paper uses data from a quasi-experimental evaluation to estimate the impact of the Ghanaian Government’s unconditional cash transfer programme on schooling outcomes. It analyses the impacts for children by various subgroups – age, gender, cognitive ability – and finds consistent impacts. There are differences across gender, especially on secondary schooling, with enrolment significantly higher for boys 13 years or older. For girls, the effect of the Livelihood Empowerment Against Poverty (LEAP) programme is to improve current attendance among those who are already enrolled in school (across all age groups). The authors found a significant effect on the expenditure on schooling items such as uniforms and stationary for these groups, which helps to explain the pathway of impact because these out-of-pocket costs are typically important barriers to schooling in rural Ghana and most of Africa.

AUTHOR(S)

Richard de Groot; Sudhanshu Handa; Mike Park; Robert D. Osei; Isaac Osei-Akoto; Luigi Peter Ragno; Garima Bhalla
LANGUAGES:
According to the 2008-2009 Kenyan Demographic and Health Survey, almost a third of the women of reproductive age were married before they reached their 18th birthday, and more than 75 per cent had their first child by age 24. The role of poverty in influencing adolescent fertility has been well documented and social cash transfers (SCTs) have been recommended as a successful reduction strategy. This Research Brief examines a study comparing two groups who had and had not received unconditional cash transfers. The authors identify four factors through which such cash amounts affect adolescent well-being: increased investment in girls’ education; delay in girls’ sexual debut; improved mental health and increased aspirations for girls; and increased household economic stability.

64 items found