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33 items found
As in other developed countries, the recent economic crisis affected the Australian economy. Nonetheless, while the OECD countries recorded a drop of GDP near to 4 per cent in 2009, in Australia GDP grew by 1.4 per cent. An important contribution to this performance came from the fiscal stimulus implemented by the government.

AUTHOR(S)

Bruno Martorano
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This study addresses one of the greatest challenges of our time: the damage caused by HIV and AIDS to the well-being of children and families. The book reviews the community and public policy interventions introduced to moderate the impact of the disease on children and families, and discusses the advantages and limitations of such interventions.

EDITOR(S)

Giovanni Andrea Cornia
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In this paper the situation of three EU countries that have recently experienced substantial but very different reforms of their systems to support families with children is analysed and compared: Austria, Spain and the United Kingdom. The structure of these systems is very different: Austria gives emphasis to universal benefits, Spain to tax concessions and the United Kingdom to means-tested benefits. Basically, the recent reforms have reinforced these structures in each country while increasing the amount of public resources directed towards children. However, are the chosen strategies the most adequate for each country? What would have happened to the economic well-being of children if instead of reinforcing the existing types of policies these countries had completely transformed the architecture of their systems in another direction? More concretely, what would be the effect on child poverty and on income distribution?

AUTHOR(S)

Holly Sutherland; Christine Lietz; Horacio Levy
LANGUAGES:

En todo el mundo, tanto en las áreas rurales como en las urbanas, los niños indígenas a menudo constituyen uno de los grupos más desventajados y sus derechos (el derecho a la sobrevivencia y al desarrollo, al mejor nivel posible de salud, a una educación que respete su identidad cultural, y a la protección contra los abusos, la violencia y la exploitación) se ven frecuentemente comprometidos.

COORDINATOR(S)

Michael Miller
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This Annual Review provides a brief outline of the UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre's ongoing workin the areas of promoting advocacy and policy dialogue to support the implementation of international standards and the development of child friendly policies and in monitoring the impact of economic and social policies on children's rights.
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IRC contributes cutting-edge research to influence policy-making in favour of the world's poorest and most marginalized children and their famililes; informs policy formulation within UNICEF, strengthens the role of UNICEF as an advocate for children's rights; and supports programme development and capacity-building.
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This paper compares people’s attitudes to inequality at the end of the 1990s – the qualities they perceive are needed to get ahead, the role of government and rewards for employment – in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) and Western countries. Data (from the 1999 International Social Survey Programme) suggest that overall, people in CEE express substantially more ‘egalitarian’ attitudes than those in the West, even after 10 years of economic adjustment to the market economy.

AUTHOR(S)

Gerry Redmond; Sylke Schnepf; Marc Suhrcke
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The UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre aims to: - Focus on areas that are relatively new to UNICEF and that may be important for its work in the future; - Focus on statistics and areas that may be sensitive or even controversial; - Fill knowledge gaps in existing areas of UNICEF’s work.
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Accompanying the dramatic decline in Indonesia’s economic fortunes in the late 1990s was an appropriate concern for the social impact of the crisis - its effect on poverty, health, fertility, child labour and school enrolment rates. This paper uses regression and matching techniques to examine the role played by the scholarship programme in producing this result.

AUTHOR(S)

Lisa A. Cameron
LANGUAGES:

The UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre, in Florence, Italy, was established in 1988 to strengthen the research capability of the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) and to support its advocacy for children worldwide. This Annual Review provides a brief outline of the Centre's ongoing work.

33 items found