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147 items found
Quality child protection services play an important role in enhancing learning and achievement throughout children’s lives, in providing more positive lifelong opportunities and outcomes, and in reducing poor health in adult life.Given the importance of promoting quality, this paper provides a framework for designing tools to specify and use standards as part of the reform of the child protection system.Such a reform will need to have an improved method of gatekeeping entry to institutions.

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This paper provides a framework to help countries in Eastern Europe and Central Asia re-orient their financing systems for social care, so that they can implement a change programme for the social care system. The ultimate objective is for countries to use more family-based and inclusive care programmes, and use institutional care as a last resort, thus supporting families to care for their vulnerable members rather than place them in residential care.

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The paper considers child poverty in rich English-speaking countries - U.S., Canada, Australia, New Zealand, the U.K. and Ireland. It is sometimes assumed that these countries stand out from other OECD countries for their levels of child poverty. The paper looks at the policies they have adopted to address the problem.

AUTHOR(S)

John Micklewright
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There is a growing global consensus on the need to promote family-based alternatives to institutional care for children. No residential institution, no matter how well meaning, can replace the family environment so essential to every child. This Innocenti Insight examines efforts to prevent the institutionalization of children in Argentina, Chile, Uruguay, Italy and Spain, focusing on both public and private initiatives, as well as local and national policies.

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Questo nuovo rapporto del Centro di Ricerca Innocenti dell'UNICEF riguarda l'efficenza del sistema di istruzione pubblica nei paesi economicamente avanzati. Il rapporto utilizza dati tratti da indagini sul rendimento scolastico degli studenti nel tentativo di elaborare un quadro generale sullo svantaggio educativo nei paesi dell'OCSE. Sebbene il tasso di iscrizione alla istruzione secondaria inferiore nell'OCSE sia del 100 percento, I giovani nei primi anni dellla loro adolescenza differiscono notevolmente in termini di apprendimento scolastico. Data l'importanza della conoscenza e del capitale umano in un'economia globalizzata, le disuguaglianze nell'apprendimento scolastico diventano decisive se non si vuole correre il rischio che una parte della popolazione venga esclusa dai benefici del progresso economico.

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2001 fut une année cruciale pour le Centre de recherche Innocenti et les enfants dans le monde entier. Le Secrétaire général des Nations Unies publia son bilan de dix ans de succès et d'échecs dans le domaine de l'enfance depuis le Sommet mondial pour l'enfance de 1990. Les dirigeants mondiaux se préparèrent à se réunir à New York en septembre pour la Session spéciale de l'Assemblée des Nations Unies consacrée aux enfants, où ils devaient s'engager à respecter un nouvel ordre du jour pour construire un monde digne des enfants.

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The trafficking of children is one of the gravest violations of human rights in the world today. Every year, hundreds of thousands of children are smuggled across borders and sold as mere commodities. Their survival and development are threatened, and their rights to education, to health, to grow up within a family, to protection from exploitation and abuse, are denied. This study focuses on a region that is badly affected by the phenomenon, aiming to increase understanding of this reality and maximize the effectiveness of measures to overcome it.

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En 2000, comme lors des années précédents, la Centre a travaillé en collaboration avec les bureaux et des comités nationaux de l'UNICEF, les gouvernements, les organisations non gouvernementales, les universités, les chercheurs et autres afin d'échanger connaissances, idées et expériences. Et, comme toujours, il a conservé son indépendence intellectuelle pour se concentrer sur des recherches innovatrices, orientées vers l'action.

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This paper investigates the changes that occurred in Bulgaria over the last decade in three dimensions of child welfare recognised as fundamental child rights - economic well-being, health and education. It then concentrates on particularly vulnerable groups of children - those born of teenage and single mothers and those living in institutions.

AUTHOR(S)

Roumiana Gantcheva
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This paper compares child poverty dynamics cross-nationally using panel data from seven nations: the USA, Britain, Germany, Ireland, Spain, Hungary, and Russia. As well as using standard relative poverty definitions the paper examines flows into and out of the poorest fifth of the children's income distribution.

AUTHOR(S)

Bruce Bradbury; Stephen P. Jenkins; John Micklewright
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147 items found