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159 items found
This paper documents levels and changes in child poverty rates in 12 OECD countries using data from the Luxembourg Income Study project, and focusing upon an analysis of the reasons for changes over the 1990s. The objective is to uncover the relative role of income transfers from the state in determining the magnitude and direction of change in child poverty rates, holding other demographic and labour market factors constant. As such the paper offers a cross-country overview of child poverty, changes in child poverty and the impact of public policy in North America and Europe.

AUTHOR(S)

Miles Corak; Wen-Hao Chen
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After more than a decade of coping with transition challenges in Eastern Europe and Central Asia, the need for the reform of family and child welfare systems has been widely acknowledged. The mindset is changing, policies are increasingly embracing new directions, reform efforts are underway, but the lives of hundreds of thousands of poor families with children have yet to improve.

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Quality child protection services play an important role in enhancing learning and achievement throughout children’s lives, in providing more positive lifelong opportunities and outcomes, and in reducing poor health in adult life.Given the importance of promoting quality, this paper provides a framework for designing tools to specify and use standards as part of the reform of the child protection system.Such a reform will need to have an improved method of gatekeeping entry to institutions.

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This paper provides a framework to help countries in Eastern Europe and Central Asia re-orient their financing systems for social care, so that they can implement a change programme for the social care system. The ultimate objective is for countries to use more family-based and inclusive care programmes, and use institutional care as a last resort, thus supporting families to care for their vulnerable members rather than place them in residential care.

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The paper considers child poverty in rich English-speaking countries - U.S., Canada, Australia, New Zealand, the U.K. and Ireland. It is sometimes assumed that these countries stand out from other OECD countries for their levels of child poverty. The paper looks at the policies they have adopted to address the problem.

AUTHOR(S)

John Micklewright
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There is a growing global consensus on the need to promote family-based alternatives to institutional care for children. No residential institution, no matter how well meaning, can replace the family environment so essential to every child. This Innocenti Insight examines efforts to prevent the institutionalization of children in Argentina, Chile, Uruguay, Italy and Spain, focusing on both public and private initiatives, as well as local and national policies.

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Questo nuovo rapporto del Centro di Ricerca Innocenti dell'UNICEF riguarda l'efficenza del sistema di istruzione pubblica nei paesi economicamente avanzati. Il rapporto utilizza dati tratti da indagini sul rendimento scolastico degli studenti nel tentativo di elaborare un quadro generale sullo svantaggio educativo nei paesi dell'OCSE. Sebbene il tasso di iscrizione alla istruzione secondaria inferiore nell'OCSE sia del 100 percento, I giovani nei primi anni dellla loro adolescenza differiscono notevolmente in termini di apprendimento scolastico. Data l'importanza della conoscenza e del capitale umano in un'economia globalizzata, le disuguaglianze nell'apprendimento scolastico diventano decisive se non si vuole correre il rischio che una parte della popolazione venga esclusa dai benefici del progresso economico.

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2001 fut une année cruciale pour le Centre de recherche Innocenti et les enfants dans le monde entier. Le Secrétaire général des Nations Unies publia son bilan de dix ans de succès et d'échecs dans le domaine de l'enfance depuis le Sommet mondial pour l'enfance de 1990. Les dirigeants mondiaux se préparèrent à se réunir à New York en septembre pour la Session spéciale de l'Assemblée des Nations Unies consacrée aux enfants, où ils devaient s'engager à respecter un nouvel ordre du jour pour construire un monde digne des enfants.

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The trafficking of children is one of the gravest violations of human rights in the world today. Every year, hundreds of thousands of children are smuggled across borders and sold as mere commodities. Their survival and development are threatened, and their rights to education, to health, to grow up within a family, to protection from exploitation and abuse, are denied. This study focuses on a region that is badly affected by the phenomenon, aiming to increase understanding of this reality and maximize the effectiveness of measures to overcome it.

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En 2000, comme lors des années précédents, la Centre a travaillé en collaboration avec les bureaux et des comités nationaux de l'UNICEF, les gouvernements, les organisations non gouvernementales, les universités, les chercheurs et autres afin d'échanger connaissances, idées et expériences. Et, comme toujours, il a conservé son indépendence intellectuelle pour se concentrer sur des recherches innovatrices, orientées vers l'action.

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159 items found