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40 items found
Of the many changes that have taken place in Western society during the past two centuries, few have been more significant than the steep fall in infant and child mortality. However, the timing and causes of the decline are still poorly understood.

AUTHOR(S)

Carlo A. Corsini; Pier Paolo Viazzo
LANGUAGES:
The basic facts about the secular decline of infant mortality in Europe have been known for nearly a century. Regristration series show that the levels of infant mortality in the late nineteenth century were still extremely high and could vary quite markedly from one country to another, ranging from about 100 per 1,000 live births in Norway and Sweden to 200 or even 250 per 1,000 in countries such as Germany, Austria and Russia. At the turn of the century, however, infant mortality began to fall almost right across the continent.The countries reviewed in this publication are Sweden, England, France and Austria.

AUTHOR(S)

Pier Paolo Viazzo; Carlo A. Corsini
LANGUAGES:
An alarming drop in population numbers has been observed in many of the transitional countries of Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Bloc since the collapse of communism in the region. This paper documents the extent and causes of the crisis.

AUTHOR(S)

Giovanni Andrea Cornia; Renato Paniccià
LANGUAGES:
The children of an ethnic group, race or religious denomination represent its continuity - they embody a potential for future diversity. This has resulted throughout history in their extreme vulnerability in times of conflict among or involving such groups: they are perceived as the enemies of the future and made prime targets of genocide.

COORDINATOR(S)

Paolo Basurto
LANGUAGES:
L'istituzione dei commissari/difensori civici per l'infanzia è un fenomeno recente e ancora in espansione. La consapevolezza della necessità di istituire meccanisimi indipendenti di protezione e di promozione dei diritti dei bambini è progressivamente cresciuta in quanto è cresciuta la consapevolezza che essi rappresentano una categoria sociale particolarmente debole.

Il Rapporto evidenzia il fallimento del comunismo nella promozione di una reale cultura dell’uguaglianza, anche se risulta evidente che il sistema ha prodotto alcune positive eredità per le donne.

LANGUAGES:
Though the relationships between ethnic minorities and dominant societies are multi-faceted and complex, the interrelated but distinct dimensions of marginalization and discrimination provide a useful framework for studying minority groups. Poor children the world over are vulnerable to abuses and violence, exploitation and human rights violations. When, in addition, they belong to disadvantaged minorities, their plight warrants special attention and requires special policies.

AUTHOR(S)

Rodolfo Stavenhagen
LANGUAGES:
40 items found