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Innocenti Report Card 11 prende in considerazione cinque aree della vita dei bambini: benessere materiale, salute e sicurezza, istruzione, comportamenti e rischi, condizioni abitative e ambientali. All'interno del quadro, sono stati inclusi complessivamente 26 indicatori comparabili a livello internazionale. Questa graduatoria aggiorna e migliora il primo quadro UNICEF sul benessere dei bambini pubblicato nel 2007 (Report Card 7) .

AUTHOR(S)

Peter Adamson

A partire dagli anni ‘90, le istituzioni indipendenti dei diritti umani per l’infanzia sono emerse a livello internazionale come organismi influenti per la promozione degli interessi dei minori nel processo decisionale e nel dibattito pubblico. Oggi tali istituzioni operano in oltre 70 Paesi di tutti i continenti.

AUTHOR(S)

Vanessa Sedletzki

Based on an extensive analysis of the existing evidence on the impact of social protection programmes in the developing world, this paper aims to assess what are the channels that have to be taken into account to understand how the benefits of social protection could be maximized with specific regard to the different dimensions of children’s well-being (economics and livelihood, education, health, nutrition).

AUTHOR(S)

Marco Sanfilippo; Bruno Martorano; Chris De Neubourg
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The Chile Solidario programme is an avant garde conditional cash transfer (CCT) in the Latin American context, introducing innovative features aimed at addressing specifically the multidimensional nature of poverty. At the household level we find that the programme has a significant impact on lifting families out of extreme poverty and that it does not have disincentive effects on labour market participation.

CO-AUTHOR(S)

Bruno Martorano; Marco Sanfilippo
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This study presents an econometric model to estimate changes in the under-five mortality rate in a number of countries in sub-Saharan Africa over the years 1995-2007. The discussion centres on models with different specifications, and on the results obtained after testing several of them. The paper argues that initial models adopted to forecast the potential impact of the food and financial crisis overestimated the increase in mortality. However, the more complex tool presented in this study proves that under-five mortality rates have indeed increased (or declined less than predicted) due to the food and financial crises. The estimates provide signposts for remedies to protect children and their families when new shocks arrive.

CO-AUTHOR(S)

Giovanni Andrea Cornia; Stefano Rosignoli; Luca Tiberti
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This study discusses the theoretical challenge posed in identifying the mechanisms that link institutions and equitable economic growth at various levels of aggregation. The relationship between governance modes and institutions on the one hand, and economic growth and development on the other hand, may take very different forms. This relates to the question of whether a single and unique combination of institutions and governance modes is optimal for (equitable) growth, or whether different governance modes and institutions may lead to good or equitable growth performance in different locations and historical contexts.

CO-AUTHOR(S)

Richard Bluhm; Adam Szirmai
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This working paper addresses the role, contribution and impact of independent human rights institutions for children (IHRICs), also referred to as children’s ombudspersons or children’s commissioners. It looks at these institutions from the perspective and jurisprudence of the Committee on the Rights of the Child (the Committee) and the global perspective on the perception of the child and childhood resulting from contributions of these institutions to the process of implementing the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC).

 

Jaap Doek
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This paper presents an overview of the reporting process to the Committee on the Rights of the Child in relation to independent human rights institutions for children. It examines the Committee’s approach towards independent human rights institutions for children.

AUTHOR(S)

Rébecca Steward
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L’Afrique est un continent « jeune ». Près de 50% des habitants de l’Afrique subsaharienne ont moins de 18 ans. Cependant, les enfants et adolescents n’ont pas de moyens de faire entendre leur voix. Comme ailleurs, ils n’ont pas le droit de vote. Les mécanismes de participation au niveau familial, communautaire et national sont très limités. Certains pays ont mis en place des parlements des enfants mais des études montrent que leur efficacité est réduite.

 

Rébecca Steward; Vanessa Sedletzki
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This paper outlines the methodology of a UNICEF research project on the impact of the global economic crisis on children in Western and Central Africa, which can also be applied to study the effects of other socio-economic shocks on households and particularly on children in developing countries.

AUTHOR(S)

Sami Bibi; John Cockburn; Ismaël Fofana; Luca Tiberti
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91 items found