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This paper looks at the well-being of children in transition economies in the light of greater economic integration. The different stages of integration of the transition economies into the world economy are marked by substantial variations in trade and capital flows. International labour mobility remains limited, and unemployment has been high since the beginning of transition. Because employment is the main determinant of household income, this has had a negative effect on the well-being of children.

AUTHOR(S)

Fabian Bornhorst; Simon Commander
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Innocenti Social Monitor 2004 reviews recent socio-economic trends in the 27 countries of Central and Eastern Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States. It examines child poverty in an integrating world from four different perspectives: Economic Growth and Child Poverty; Economic Integration, Labour Markets and Children; Migration Trends and Policy Implications; Young People and Drugs: Increasing Health Risks.

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L’Innocenti Social Monitor 2004 si pone l’obiettivo di analizzare le ripercussioni degli sviluppi socioeconomici sui bambini nei 27 paesi dell’Europa centrale e orientale e della Comunità di Stati Indipendenti. Il progetto mira a dare un contributo al dibattito internazionale sulle direzioni di sviluppo delle politiche pubbliche nei paesi dell’Europa centrale e orientale e della CSI, richiamando l’attenzione su problemi emergenti rilevanti per i bambini, per le donne e le famiglie in tutta la regione, e mantenendo viva l’attenzione per gli interessi dei bambini.

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Процесс международной интеграции ярче высветил многие проблемы, и не в последнюю очередь рост масштабов бедности и неравенства между странами и внутри стран. Это относится как к странам Центральной и Восточной Европы и Содружества Независимых Государств, так и к другим регионам мира. После краха коммунистических режимов вместо 8 стран, существовавших в 1989 году, к середине 1990-х годов образовалось 27.

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Social Monitor 2003 is the second in the Innocenti Social Monitor series. It includes a Statistical Annex covering a broad range of indicators for the years 1989 to 2000-2002, including population trends, births and fertility, mortality, family formation, health, education, child protection, crime, and income, as well as comprehensive statistical profiles on each country in the region. Chapters cover: Economic Growth, Poverty and Long-Term Disadvantage; Debt Service: An Emerging Problem; Refugees and Displaced Persons: Still Large Numbers; Intercountry Adoption: Trends and Consequences; Confronting HIV?; Counting Infant Mortality and Accounting for It.

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Social Monitor 2003 includes a Statistical Annex covering a broad range of indicators for the years 1989 to 2000-2002, including population trends, births and fertility, mortality, family formatioin, health, education, child protection, crime, and income, as well as comprehensive statistical profiles on each country in the region. Chapters cover economic growth, debt service, refugeees and displaced persons, intercountry adoption, the care and treatment of people with HIV/AIDS, and infant mortality rates.

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Le città del mondo sono spesso considerate luoghi in cui abbonda la ricchezza e il privilegio. Esse ospitano però centinaia di milioni di bambini per i quali la povertà e l'esclusione sono una realtà quotidiana. Alcuni di questi bambini vivono nelle strade; molti altri vivono in alloggi pericolosi e insalubri che spesso sono privi dei più basilari servizi igienici, come una fonte di acqua pulita. I bambini urbani hanno raramente accesso a strutture adeguate, come scuole o luoghi sicuri dove giocare.

Социальный мониторинг, 2002 год содержит обзор социально экономических тенденций в 27 странах Центральной и Восточной Европы, а также Содружества Независимых Государств. Доклад состоит из трех статей: “Социальные тенденции в переходный период” – дается обнов ленный анализ положения в ряде областей, включая доходы и бед ность, рождаемость и смертность (в том числе младенческую), охват образованием и попечение о детях, относящихся к группе риска. “ВИЧ/СПИД и молодежь: осведомленность, поведение и поли тика” – анализируются характер распространения ВИЧ и осве домленность молодежи о предохранении от ВИЧ*инфекции. «Качество обучения – к “одностороннему разоружению в обла сти образования”?» – рассматриваются новые данные о качест ве обучения и усвоения знаний в странах переходного периода в сравнении со странами Запада.

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Social Monitor 2002 reviews recent socio-economic developments in the 27 countries of Central and Eastern Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States. It contains three articles: Social trends in transition: an update on trends in a range of topics including income and poverty, fertility, infant and adult mortality, enrolment in education and care of children at risk. HIV/AIDS and young people: awareness, behaviour and policy: focuses on the spread of HIV, and young people’s knowledge about HIV prevention. Quality of learning: towards “unilateral educational disarmament”?: examines new information to compare learning outcomes in transition countries and in the West. In addition, the Statistical Annex covers a range of indicators for the years 1989 to 2000-2001.

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El Centro desempeñó un papel activo en la Sesión Especial de la Asamblea General de la ONU sobre la Infancia, ofreciendo los resultados de sus investigaciones sobre muchos de los temas abordados: el VIH/SIDA, la pobreza infantil, el rol de los defensores públicos de los niños, las ciudades amigas de los niños y el tráfico de niños, para nombrar solamente algunos de ellos. La Sesión reconoció la urgente necesidad de investigar los problemas que debe afrontar la infancia, tanto actualmente como en el futuro.

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73 items found