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Monitoring of health services can serve two major functions: providing information for performance management as well as for evidence-based policy-making. The means by which monitoring is carried out and the balance that is struck between these functions vary according to the situation of different countries. This paper reviews monitoring processes and the availability of data relating to early childhood development in the cases of Germany and the United Kingdom.

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El presente estudio sobre la reforma legal en relación con los derechos del niño forma parte de una iniciativa de mayor envergadura, iniciada por el Centro de Investigaciones Innocenti de UNICEF en 2004, centrada en las Medidas Generales de Aplicación de la Convención sobre los Derechos del Niño. El propósito del estudio es brindar un panorama de la medida en que los Estados Partes de la Convención han facilitado la implementación de las "medidas generales", cuya importancia ha sido señalada por el Comité sobre los Derechos del Niño en la Observación General N° 5, aprobada en 2005.

Cette étude sur la réforme législative en matière de droits des enfants fait partie d’une plus ample initiative commencée par le Centre de recherche Innocenti en 2004 sur les Mesures d'application générales de la Convention relative aux droits de l'enfant. L'étude est conçue pour fournir une vue d’ensemble de l'action accomplie par chaque Etat partie à la Convention pour promouvoir l’application des 'mesures générales' don’t l'importance a été soulignée par le Comité des droits de l’enfant.

This publication documents a rare attempt to assess all the steps involved in legal reform for the realization of child rights and makes a detailed estimate of the costs at each step. The case study addresses two costing projects in connection with these reforms: one for development of a child justice system, another for a comprehensive children’s act. Both of these were extensive pieces of legislation requiring substantial systemic adjustment.

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Economic collapse in the former Communist bloc led to soaring levels of child poverty in the 1990s. The effects of rising unemployment, under-employment and wage arrears were exacerbated by the erosion of state support for families with children as governments responded to a collapse in revenue. Since 1998, even the poorer countries of the bloc - those in South Eastern Europe and the CIS - have seen a return to economic growth. But have the benefits of growth been felt by children? Are child support policies being restored or restructured as economic conditions improve, and to what effect?

AUTHOR(S)

Kitty Stewart; Carmen Huerta
LANGUAGES:
A “invisibilidade” das crianças não-registadas aumenta a sua vulnerabilidade e o risco de as violações dos seus direitos passarem despercebidas. Assegurar o registo de nascimento das crianças que se encontram numa situação de conflito ou subsequente a um conflito é, pois, uma prioridade.

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Este número del Innocenti Digest se está dedicado al tema del registro de nacimiento, un derecho humano fundamental que abre el camino a los demás derechos, como el derecho a la educación y a los cuidados médicos, a la participación y a la protección. Se explica por qué cada año queda sin inscribir en un registro el nacimiento de más de 50 millones de bebés. Jurídicamente hablando, estos niños no existen y se les niega el derecho a tener un nombre y una nacionalidad oficiales.

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Within the last decade governments of donors and developing countries have committed themselves to achieving a number of International Development Targets (IDTs) to be reached by 2015. But the task is daunting for most of the low-income countries.

AUTHOR(S)

Santosh Mehrotra
LANGUAGES:
Grazie alle risorse e all’esperienza di una vasta rete di esperti nazionali e di uffici locali dell’UNICEF, il lavoro del Centro di Ricerca Innocenti ha aiutato ad elaborare il programma di interventi in difesa dei diritti umani dei bambini. Ha inoltre contribuito a consolidare la base intellettuale su cui si è fondato l’impegno dell’UNICEF nel promuovere in tutto il mondo un cambiamento delle politiche economiche e sociali a favore dei bambini e delle famiglie più povere.

The paper outlines the goals, organization and methodology of one of the most authoritative attempts to monitor the situation of children and women in countries undergoing rapid social and economic change. UNICEF's MONEE project has been gathering and sharing this unique information since 1992 covering the transition countries of Central and Eastern Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States.

AUTHOR(S)

Gaspar Fajth
LANGUAGES:
25 items found