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Decentralization and Policies for the Protection of Children and Adolescents in Brazil

Brazil has made concrete its commitment to the principles of the Convention on the Rights of the Child in the creation of a number of State Programmes of Action. This ‘decentralised’ strategy marks an unprecedented step in a country with a strong tradition of ‘top-down’ federal thinking and limited experience of participatory planning.
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I.O.P. DECENTRALIZATION AND LOCAL GOVERNANCE BY DATE

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Brazil has made concrete its commitment to the principles of the Convention on the Rights of the Child in the creation of a number of State Programmes of Action. This ‘decentralised’ strategy marks an unprecedented step in a country with a strong tradition of ‘top-down’ federal thinking and limited experience of participatory planning.

AUTHOR(S)

Solon Magalhães Vianna; Iara Marques
LANGUAGES:
The ‘Plan Of Action’ adopted at the 1990 World Summit for Children recognised the importance of grass-roots initiatives for children at the provincial level. In many countries, this call for ‘decentralisation’ has triggered the beginnings of an entirely novel process. In Spain, a general trend toward the provincial and the participatory had already begun.

AUTHOR(S)

Ferran Casas
LANGUAGES:
The birth of the Mongolian NPA took place within the context of the profound economic transition that accompanied the collapse of the Soviet Union. In spite of the difficulties imposed by this widely-felt upheaval, Mongolia has succeeded in laying the foundations for a successful NPA.

AUTHOR(S)

Uranbileg Bergen; Lutaa Badamhand
LANGUAGES:
The Egyptian government’s approach to internal development issues had traditionally been very much the product of a ‘top-down’ way of thinking. It was widely assumed that local and regional authorities lacked the necessary technical and resource-allocation know-how.

AUTHOR(S)

Nicolas Luginbuhl
LANGUAGES:
Using survey data from 103 UNICEF field offices across the world, this paper aims to provide a general overview of the NPA decentralisation phenomenon - where and how it is occurring, the roles of the major actors and the results that have been achieved to date.

AUTHOR(S)

Carlos Castillo Cardona

CONTRIBUTOR(S)

Claire Akehurst
LANGUAGES:
The 1990 World Summit for Children set in motion the development of what were called ‘National Programmes of Action’ in a number of countries. In the Philippines the birth of the overall government plan has been accompanied by that of a number of supporting schemes at the provincial level.

AUTHOR(S)

Wilfredo G. Nuqui
LANGUAGES:
The birth of the Sudanese National Programme of Action took place in an adverse context characterised by economic isolation and frequent situations of chronic emergency. This paper chronicles the country’s experience of the subsequent ‘decentralisation’ of the programme.

AUTHOR(S)

Tarique Farooqui; Anupama Rao Singh
LANGUAGES:
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