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The series Innocenti Occasional Papers, Economic and Social Policy (IOPs) has become Innocenti Working Papers as of no. 72. The numbering is consecutive. Papers 63 onwards are also available for download.

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The Education of Children with Special Needs: Barriers and opportunities in Central and Eastern Europe

Children with disabilities and many others who experience difficulties in learning are often marginalized within or even excluded from school systems. This paper considers the situation in countries of Central and Eastern Europe, examining particular developments that have occurred in recent years.
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I.O.P. ECONOMIC POLICY BY DATE

69 items found
In some countries family status has little or no impact on the amount of tax that an individual pays. In others the income tax system plays a major role in the redistribution of income among families of different types. This paper examines the treatment of the family in European tax systems.

AUTHOR(S)

Cathal O’Donoghue; Holly Sutherland
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Since the break-up of the Soviet Union in 1991, the 88 regions of the Russian Federation have enjoyed increasing autonomy, and by 1994 almost half of all budgetary expenditure in Russia was spent at the regional level. This paper examines the system of transfers that has developed in Russia.

AUTHOR(S)

Kitty Stewart
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AUTHOR(S)

Sheldon Danziger; Jonathan Stern
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This paper looks at how the transition from the planned to the free market economy has altered the nature of state protective child care provision in Central and Eastern Europe. The old systems were run according to an underlying state ideology that stressed an insensitive ‘medical model’ of care.

AUTHOR(S)

Mary Anne Burke
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Despite widespread concern about the living standards of children, the research of the last decade has confirmed that there remain wide variations in the extent of child poverty across countries at otherwise similar levels of development.

AUTHOR(S)

Bruce Bradbury; Markus Jantti
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69 items found