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Shivit Bakrania; Anita Ghimire
Nikola Balvin; Prerna Banati
Synthèse trimestrielle présentant les ressources et les nouvelles les plus importantes parues au cours des trois derniers mois dans le domaine de la recherche sur le bien-être des adolescents.
Shivit Bakrania; Anita Ghimire; Nikola Balvin
This evidence gap map (EGM) collates the evidence base for adolescent interventions in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), with a focus on the outcome domains of protection, participation and financial and material well-being. Outcomes relating to the enabling environment for adolescents are also included to capture the contextual influences that might affect the well-being of adolescents. The EGM contains 74 studies (71 impact evaluations and 3 systematic reviews) of evaluated interventions targeting adolescents in LMICs. Most of the evidence is on financial support to individuals and households, where interventions predominantly include conditional cash transfers, and studies frequently evaluate their impacts on child labour and child marriage outcomes. The second largest evidence cluster relates to the impacts of socio-emotional learning and life skills on adolescent protection, particularly protection-related attitudes, skills and knowledge, while psychosocial support is the third most frequently appearing intervention. At the group and community level, the largest bodies of evidence are on financial literacy and savings schemes, and norm change interventions.
The largest evidence gaps are at the policy and institutional level, the enabling environment for adolescent well-being, and the use of and access to information and communication technology (ICT) by adolescents. While coverage of gender is prominent in the literature, only one intervention specifically targets boys and men to promote attitudes towards gender equity. Recommendations for future primary research and synthesis are made. The interactive EGM is available online at www.unicef-irc.org/evidence-gap-map.
The Best of UNICEF
Research (BOUR) initiative celebrates its fifth year. Once
again, it showcases some of the best and most innovative pieces of research
coming out of UNICEF. It reveals diversity in geography, themes and
methodologies. The topics demonstrate the added value of UNICEF staff in the
field identifying issues that are of relevance at national and local levels but
which also have widespread application and the potential to shape the agendas
of academic and policy communities. The studies demonstrate the particular
capacity of UNICEF to facilitate research across multiple countries within a
region, and even cross-regionally.
A number of studies in
this volume focus on child protection issues – a welcome addition to research
in a field for which evidence is often limited or fragmented, and where the
work of UNICEF has potential to drive a research and evidence agenda with
global impact. Other studies focus on children in conditions of extreme
vulnerability and exploitation – where issues of appropriate methods and
ethical safeguards become paramount. The situation of children with
disabilities is another welcome addition to the themes covered by BOUR –
highlighting its growing importance on the agenda of governments and of UNICEF.