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Expert discussion on transitional justice and children. Background document

During armed conflict, children are systematically targeted for violence and abuse, including abduction, rape, forced marriage and recruitment as child soldiers, and are forced to take part in atrocities. There is a growing global consensus on the need for accountability mechanisms to address human rights violations committed during armed conflict, in particular crimes against children. Linked to this commitment is the urgent need to develop child-friendly procedures to protect children’s rights in the context of their involvement in transitional justice mechanisms.