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Decentralization and community participation

Publications

The Children Here: Current trends in the decentralization of National Programmes of Action
Publication Publication

The Children Here: Current trends in the decentralization of National Programmes of Action

The 1990 World Summit for Children brought together 71 Heads of State and Government to discuss ways in which to improve the lives of the world's children. The international ‘Plan of Action’ adopted at the summit recognised the importance of grass roots initiatives at the local level.
Decentralization and Policies for the Protection of Children and Adolescents in Brazil
Publication Publication

Decentralization and Policies for the Protection of Children and Adolescents in Brazil

Brazil has made concrete its commitment to the principles of the Convention on the Rights of the Child in the creation of a number of State Programmes of Action. This ‘decentralised’ strategy marks an unprecedented step in a country with a strong tradition of ‘top-down’ federal thinking and limited experience of participatory planning.
Decentralization of Services for Children: The Spanish experience
Publication Publication

Decentralization of Services for Children: The Spanish experience

The ‘Plan Of Action’ adopted at the 1990 World Summit for Children recognised the importance of grass-roots initiatives for children at the provincial level. In many countries, this call for ‘decentralisation’ has triggered the beginnings of an entirely novel process. In Spain, a general trend toward the provincial and the participatory had already begun.
The Decentralization of the National Programme of Action in Favour of Children in Chile
Publication Publication

The Decentralization of the National Programme of Action in Favour of Children in Chile

The Decentralization of the National Programme of Action: The experience of Mongolia
Publication Publication

The Decentralization of the National Programme of Action: The experience of Mongolia

The birth of the Mongolian NPA took place within the context of the profound economic transition that accompanied the collapse of the Soviet Union. In spite of the difficulties imposed by this widely-felt upheaval, Mongolia has succeeded in laying the foundations for a successful NPA.
Development and Decentralization of the National Programme of Action for Children in Namibia
Publication Publication

Development and Decentralization of the National Programme of Action for Children in Namibia

The National Programme of Action for Children and Women in Egypt
Publication Publication

The National Programme of Action for Children and Women in Egypt

The Egyptian government’s approach to internal development issues had traditionally been very much the product of a ‘top-down’ way of thinking. It was widely assumed that local and regional authorities lacked the necessary technical and resource-allocation know-how.
An Overview of NPA Decentralization in Developing Countries
Publication Publication

An Overview of NPA Decentralization in Developing Countries

Using survey data from 103 UNICEF field offices across the world, this paper aims to provide a general overview of the NPA decentralisation phenomenon - where and how it is occurring, the roles of the major actors and the results that have been achieved to date.
The Philippines: A case study in local planning for children
Publication Publication

The Philippines: A case study in local planning for children

The 1990 World Summit for Children set in motion the development of what were called ‘National Programmes of Action’ in a number of countries. In the Philippines the birth of the overall government plan has been accompanied by that of a number of supporting schemes at the provincial level.
A Subnational Outreach Programme: Proposed action steps and training for primary health care implementation
Publication Publication

A Subnational Outreach Programme: Proposed action steps and training for primary health care implementation

The Decentralization of the National Programme of Action: A case study of Sudan
Publication Publication

The Decentralization of the National Programme of Action: A case study of Sudan

The birth of the Sudanese National Programme of Action took place in an adverse context characterised by economic isolation and frequent situations of chronic emergency. This paper chronicles the country’s experience of the subsequent ‘decentralisation’ of the programme.
The Difficult Road: The case of NPA decentralization in Argentina
Publication Publication

The Difficult Road: The case of NPA decentralization in Argentina

The birth of the Argentine NPA took place in a context of profound institutional reform, with the federal government placing responsibility for health care, education and social policy in the hands of the provinces.
The Vietnam National Programme of Action: A decentralization study
Publication Publication

The Vietnam National Programme of Action: A decentralization study

The Vietnamese government has taken its National Programme of Action a step further than most, having actively encouraged the growth of sub-programmes at the provincial level.