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Monitoring in the CEE/CIS and Baltics: the MONEE project
Since 1990 UNICEF has gradually extended its advocacy, information, emergency and - in a few cases - programme assistance activities to the countries of Central and Eastern Europe and to members of the former Soviet Union. This initial report and those that will be produced at regular intervals by the 'Monitoring the Transition in Central and Eastern Europe' (MONEE) project are part of these technical assistance and advocacy activities. The project is carried out in close collaboration with the central statistical offices and a number of policy centres of the region and aims to document and analyse the social impact of reforms initiated since 1989 in a systematic, continuous and comparative way.
Child Welfare and the Socialist Experiment: Social and economic trends in the USSR 1960-90
Children in Institutions in Central and Eastern Europe
To help deal with the particular needs of children at a time of rapid political and economic change in central and eastern Europe, in 1990 the UNICEF Executive Board approved a special three-year effort of "transitional support". In response to specific requests for cooperation, UNICEF was authorized "to provide technical support to rethink policies for child survival, development and protection in the context of the new situations" and to support "data collection on the situation of children and women, analytical studies, technical workshops, information materials and other related activities".
In the early 1990s considerable attention was given to the issues of stabilization, privatization, taxation and labour market adjustment in the Eastern Europe transition, but demographic and welfare issues received less attention. This first regional Monitoring Report highlights the fact that initial hopes for rapid transformation and economic prosperity were quickly tempered by a considerable decline in output, employment and incomes, a worsening of some social indicators, and the appearance of new welfare problems.