KEEP UP TO DATE

CONNECT  facebook youtube instagram twitter soundcloud
search advanced search
Social Protection in Humanitarian Settings

Building knowledge and evidence on how best to meet children’s needs in emergencies is a pressing challenge. Year-on-year more children are caught up in conflict and displacement. They face recurrent threats of famine and are the most exposed to climate change and environmental degradation. The crises and fragile contexts children face are also more and more protracted and entrenched. Since 2010, UNICEF responds to an average 300 humanitarian situations in nearly 90 countries each year.

The consequences of childhood exposure to shocks and long-running uncertainty remain poorly understood. Acknowledging this gap, Innocenti will be looking into the critical questions that today’s crises pose for children - and how best to respond in ways that strike the right balance between humanitarian and development action.

One component will be exploring key lessons and ‘case studies’ from on-the-ground experience in tackling these challenges – to better institutionalize and analyse this knowledge from experience, and identify critical questions for further research. Innocenti will also expand its well-established work on rigorous impact evaluations of social protection mechanisms in order to better understand cash in emergencies and fragile contexts.  

Innocenti will draw on past experience working on children and armed conflict, and explore linkages with ongoing work that transcends usual humanitarian/development divides, and that require research and responses that combine different lenses and approaches – including child migration, ethical research and children, long-term impacts of food shocks (particularly on adolescents), drivers of violence, and the complex interactions between poverty, demography and climate for children.

Social Protection in Humanitarian Settings

Building knowledge and evidence on how best to meet children’s needs in emergencies is a pressing challenge. Year-on-year more children are caught up in conflict and displacement. They face recurrent threats of famine and are the most exposed to climate change and environmental degradation. The crises and fragile contexts children face are also more and more protracted and entrenched. Since 2010, UNICEF responds to an average 300 humanitarian situations in nearly 90 countries each year.

The consequences of childhood exposure to shocks and long-running uncertainty remain poorly understood. Acknowledging this gap, Innocenti will be looking into the critical questions that today’s crises pose for children - and how best to respond in ways that strike the right balance between humanitarian and development action.

One component will be exploring key lessons and ‘case studies’ from on-the-ground experience in tackling these challenges – to better institutionalize and analyse this knowledge from experience, and identify critical questions for further research. Innocenti will also expand its well-established work on rigorous impact evaluations of social protection mechanisms in order to better understand cash in emergencies and fragile contexts.  

Innocenti will draw on past experience working on children and armed conflict, and explore linkages with ongoing work that transcends usual humanitarian/development divides, and that require research and responses that combine different lenses and approaches – including child migration, ethical research and children, long-term impacts of food shocks (particularly on adolescents), drivers of violence, and the complex interactions between poverty, demography and climate for children.

LATEST PUBLICATIONS

In the 2016–17 school year, the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), in partnership with the United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) and in coordination with the Ministry of Education and Higher Education (MEHE) in Lebanon, started to pilot a child-focused cash transfer programme for displaced Syrian children in Lebanon. The programme, known as the No Lost Generation (NLG) or “Min Ila” (meaning “from/to”) was designed to reduce negative coping strategies harmful to children and reduce barriers to children’s school attendance, including financial barriers and reliance on child labour. UNICEF Lebanon contracted the American Institute for Research (AIR) to help UNICEF Office of Research (OoR) design and implement an impact evaluation of the programme. The purpose of the impact evaluation, one of the first rigorous studies of a social protection programme supporting children in a complex displacement setting, is to monitor the programme’s effects on recipients and provide evidence to UNICEF, WFP, and MEHE for decisions regarding the programme’s future. This report investigates and discusses the programme’s impacts on child well-being outcomes, including food security, health, child work, child subjective well-being, enrollment, and attendance, after 1 year of programme implementation.

AUTHOR(S)

Jacobus De Hoop; Mitchell Morey; Hannah Ring; Victoria Rothbard; David Seidenfeld

This paper documents the impact of a cash transfer programme – an initiative of the Government of Lebanon, the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) and the World Food Programme (WFP), widely known as the No Lost Generation Programme (NLG) and, locally, as Min Ila (‘from to’) – on the school participation of displaced Syrian children in Lebanon. The programme provides cash to children who are enrolled in the afternoon shift of a public primary school. It was designed to cover the cost of commuting to school and to compensate households for income forgone if children attend school instead of working, two critical barriers to child school participation. We rely on a geographical regression discontinuity design comparing children living in two pilot governorates with children in two neighbouring governorates to identify the impact of the programme halfway in the first year of operation (the 2016/17 school year). We find limited programme effects on school enrolment, but substantive impacts on school attendance among enrolled children, which increased by 0.5 days to 0.7 days per week, an improvement of about 20 per cent over the control group. School enrolment among Syrian children rose rapidly across all of Lebanon’s governorates during the period of the evaluation, resulting in supply side capacity constraints that appear to have dampened positive impacts on enrolment.

AUTHOR(S)

Jacobus De Hoop; Mitchell Morey; David Seidenfeld

MORE PUBLICATIONS

Project team

Jacobus De Hoop


Videos

Social Protection in Humanitarian Situations

Research Watch

Social Protection in Emergency Situations


What's new stories

Improved Outcomes for Refugee Children in Lebanon