A Glossary that provides non-specialists with an understanding of child rights terminology, particularly related to the Convention on the Rights of the Child.

Glossary legenda
Example:

Abduction  IRC site
   CRC = 35 1
Note:
The right of the child to protection against abduction is set forth in Article 35 of the CRC. States Parties are required to take all appropriate national, bilateral and multilateral measures to prevent the abduction of children for any purpose or in any form. The abduction of children is to be distinguished from the illicit transfer and non-return of children abroad (see Article 11 of the CRC). The abduction of children within one country or across frontiers for the purposes of, for example, economic exploitation, sexual exploitation, sale, trafficking or adoption is a form of exploitation. The illicit transfer and non-return of children abroad refers to the problem of the abduction of children across frontiers by one of their parents.
See also:
Disappearances   Exploitation   Illicit transfer and non-return   Recovery and reintegration   Sale and trafficking   



Abduction Term
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Except for obvious exceptions, such as the "Right to life" and the "Right to be heard", the terms in the Glossary are not formulated as rights. Under each term, however, the article of the Convention dealing with the corresponding right of the child is mentioned, if appropriate ("CRC:"), and a short description is given of the corresponding obligations of States Parties ("Note:"), followed by a listing of related terms in the Glossary ("See also:") linked to the Thesaurus descriptors. Certain terms have also been included as "lead-in" terms only to preferred synonyms. For instance, the reader searching under the term "Handicapped children", will be referred ("See:") to "Disabled children".
 

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Fair hearing

     IRC site
CRC =

See:
Fair trial   

Fair trial

     IRC site
CRC Article = 40(2)(b)(iii)
Note:
The right of the accused child to a fair trial according to law is recognized in Article 40(2)(b)(iii) of the CRC.

See also:
Accusations   Accused children   Administration of Juvenile Justice   Assistance of an interpreter   Defence   Examination of witnesses   Impartial and independent authority   Independent and impartial authority   Judicial body   Legal assistance   Presumption of innocence   Trial in the presence of legal assistance   

Family

     IRC site

Family assistance

     IRC site
CRC Article = 18(2); 27(3)
Note:
Under Article 18(2) of the CRC, States Parties are required to render appropriate assistance to parents and legal guardians in the performance of their child-rearing responsibilities. In addition, under Article 27(3), States Parties are required to assist parents and others responsible for the child to implement the child's right to an adequate standard of living, and to provide material assistance and support programmes in case of need, particularly with regard to nutrition, clothing and housing.

See also:
Adequate standard of living   Maintenance obligations   Material assistance   Parental responsibilities   Social insurance   Social security   

Family planning

     IRC site
CRC Article = 24(2)(f)
Note:
For the implementation of the right of the child to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of health and to health services, States Parties are required to take appropriate measures to develop family planning education and services.

See also:
Guidance for parents   Health and health services   

Family relations

     IRC site
CRC Article = 8(1)
Note:
According to Article 8(1) of the CRC, the identity of the child includes his or her nationality, name and family relations as recognized by law.

See also:
Identity   Name   Nationality   Preservation of identity   Respect for family   

Family reunification

     IRC site
CRC Article = 10(1)
Note:
States Parties are required to deal with applications by a child or his or her parents to enter or leave a State Party for the purpose of family reunification in a positive, humane and expeditious manner.

See also:
Enter a country   Family tracing   Leave a country   Refugee children   Respect for family   Separation from parent(s)   Unaccompanied refugee children   

Family tracing

     IRC site
CRC Article = 22(2)
Note:
Article 22(2) of the CRC obligates States Parties to provide, as they consider appropriate, co-operation in any efforts by the United Nations and other competent intergovernmental organizations or non-governmental organizations co-operating with the United Nations to protect and assist refugee children and to trace the parents or other family members of any refugee child in order to obtain information necessary for family reunification. Family tracing is of particular relevance to refugee children unaccompanied by their parents or by any other adult who, by law or custom, is responsible for the care of the child.

See also:
Family reunification   Refugee children   Refugee-assisting organizations   Unaccompanied refugee children   United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees   

Family unity

     IRC site

Female circumcision

     IRC site
CRC =

See:
Traditional practices