A Glossary that provides non-specialists with an understanding of child rights terminology, particularly related to the Convention on the Rights of the Child.

Glossary legenda
Example:

Abduction  IRC site
   CRC = 35 1
Note:
The right of the child to protection against abduction is set forth in Article 35 of the CRC. States Parties are required to take all appropriate national, bilateral and multilateral measures to prevent the abduction of children for any purpose or in any form. The abduction of children is to be distinguished from the illicit transfer and non-return of children abroad (see Article 11 of the CRC). The abduction of children within one country or across frontiers for the purposes of, for example, economic exploitation, sexual exploitation, sale, trafficking or adoption is a form of exploitation. The illicit transfer and non-return of children abroad refers to the problem of the abduction of children across frontiers by one of their parents.
See also:
Disappearances   Exploitation   Illicit transfer and non-return   Recovery and reintegration   Sale and trafficking   



Abduction Term
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Except for obvious exceptions, such as the "Right to life" and the "Right to be heard", the terms in the Glossary are not formulated as rights. Under each term, however, the article of the Convention dealing with the corresponding right of the child is mentioned, if appropriate ("CRC:"), and a short description is given of the corresponding obligations of States Parties ("Note:"), followed by a listing of related terms in the Glossary ("See also:") linked to the Thesaurus descriptors. Certain terms have also been included as "lead-in" terms only to preferred synonyms. For instance, the reader searching under the term "Handicapped children", will be referred ("See:") to "Disabled children".
 

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Maintenance obligations

CRC Article = 27(2)
Note:
States Parties are required to respect that parent(s) or others responsible for the child have the primary responsibility to secure, within their abilities and financial capacities, the conditions of living necessary for the child's development.

See also:
Adequate standard of living   Family assistance   Parental responsibilities   Recovery of maintenance   

Majority

CRC Article = 1
Note:
Majority refers to the legal age at which political, economic or other forms of participation begin in various countries. In most countries majority is attained at a certain age. However, in some countries majority can also be attained through, for example, marriage or military service. Under Article 1 of the CRC once a person attains the age of 18 years the provisions of the CRC are no longer automatically applicable to him or her. Recognizing that 18 is not necessarily consonant with the age at which majority is attained in some countries, this provision allows those States Parties in which a child below the age of 18 years can attain majority to retain that age as the upper age limit for the automatic application of the rights set forth in the CRC.

See also:
Definition of the child   Minimum age(s)   

Malnutrition

CRC Article = 24(2)(c)
Note:
For the implementation of the right of the child to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of health and to health services, States Parties are required to take appropriate measures, including within the framework of primary health care, to combat malnutrition through, inter alia, the application of readily available technology and through the provision of adequate nutritious foods and clean drinking-water, taking into consideration the dangers and risks of environmental pollution.

See also:
Adequate nutrition   Breast-feeding   Child health and nutrition   Disease   Health and health services   Primary health care   

Marriage

CRC =

See:
Child marriage   

Mass media

CRC Article = 17(a)
Note:
For the implementation of the right of the child to have access to appropriate information, States Parties are required to encourage the mass media to disseminate information and material of social and cultural benefit to the child.

See also:
Appropriate information   Children's books   Freedom of information   Information and linguistic minority children   Injurious information   

Material assistance

CRC Article = 27(3)
Note:
For the implementation of the right of the child to an adequate standard of living, States Parties are required to provide material assistance and support programmes for families in need, particularly with regard to nutrition, clothing and housing.

See also:
Adequate nutrition   Adequate standard of living   Family assistance   Parental responsibilities   

Media violence

Medical assistance

CRC Article = 24(2)(b)
Note:
For the implementation of the right of the child to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of health and to health services, States Parties are required to take appropriate measures to ensure the provision of necessary medical assistance and health care to all children with emphasis on the development of primary health care.

See also:
Health and health services   

Mentally disabled children

CRC =

See:
Disabled children   

Minimum age for criminal responsibility

CRC Article = 40(3)(a)
Note:
States Parties are required to promote the establishment of a minimum age below which children shall be presumed not to have the capacity to infringe the penal law. Rule 4 of the United Nations Standard Minimum Rules for the Administration of Juvenile Justice (1985), otherwise known as the Beijing Rules, recommends that the beginning of the age of criminal responsibility should not be fixed at too low an age level, bearing in mind the tacts of emotional, mental and intellectual maturity.

See also:
Administration of Juvenile Justice   Diversions   Juvenile justice   Minimum age(s)