CRC Article = 1
Majority refers to the legal age at which political, economic or other forms of participation begin in various countries. In most countries majority is attained at a certain age. However, in some countries majority can also be attained through, for example, marriage or military service. Under Article 1 of the CRC once a person attains the age of 18 years the provisions of the CRC are no longer automatically applicable to him or her. Recognizing that 18 is not necessarily consonant with the age at which majority is attained in some countries, this provision allows those States Parties in which a child below the age of 18 years can attain majority to retain that age as the upper age limit for the automatic application of the rights set forth in the CRC.
Definition of the child Minimum age(s)
CRC Article = 24(2)(c)
For the implementation of the right of the child to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of health and to health services, States Parties are required to take appropriate measures, including within the framework of primary health care, to combat malnutrition through, inter alia, the application of readily available technology and through the provision of adequate nutritious foods and clean drinking-water, taking into consideration the dangers and risks of environmental pollution.
Adequate nutrition Breast-feeding Child health and nutrition Disease Health and health services Primary health care
CRC Article = 24(2)(b)
For the implementation of the right of the child to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of health and to health services, States Parties are required to take appropriate measures to ensure the provision of necessary medical assistance and health care to all children with emphasis on the development of primary health care.
Health and health services
Mentally disabled children
Minimum age for criminal responsibility
CRC Article = 40(3)(a)
States Parties are required to promote the establishment of a minimum age below which children shall be presumed not to have the capacity to infringe the penal law. Rule 4 of the United Nations Standard Minimum Rules for the Administration of Juvenile Justice (1985), otherwise known as the Beijing Rules, recommends that the beginning of the age of criminal responsibility should not be fixed at too low an age level, bearing in mind the tacts of emotional, mental and intellectual maturity.
Administration of Juvenile Justice Diversions Juvenile justice Minimum age(s)