Evidence based on independent studies from different programmes across the world demonstrates that cash transfers can have an impact on a wide range of development domains. But does this evidence mean that cash transfers are the silver bullet or best solution to alleviating poverty?
This paper investigates the effect of the economic crisis on child poverty and material deprivation across the EU-28 plus Iceland, Norway and Switzerland. The findings suggest that social safety nets and social spending did not shield children from the effects of labour market turbulence during the Great Recession.
During the late 2000s, European countries were affected by an economic crisis considered the most severe since the Second World War. However, not all the countries were hit in the same way. Some governments preferred to increase taxes while others preferred to reduce public expenditure, also cutting benefits and services for children and their families.
This paper reviews the insights of various contributions from research into multidimensional poverty and deprivation and combines them into an internally consistent framework. The proposed framework aims at creating more conceptual clarity and overcoming the challenges that have arisen from some earlier efforts.The paper also makes a distinction between household poverty and child poverty, recognising that children may experience poverty differently to adults.
Hungary and Iceland were among the countries most affected by the recent macroeconomic shock. Although they suffered a similar GDP drop and started from much the same fiscal conditions, their respective governments decided to follow different strategies of adjustment. Each country cut public spending according to different priorities.
The risk and time preferences of individuals as well as their subjective expectations regarding the future are likely to play an important role in choice behaviour. A large-scale survey in Kenya shows that cash transfers alone do not appear to impact time discounting or risk aversion, but they do have an important impact on subjective well-being measures and on future perceptions of quality of life.
This report is a Japanese version of the UNICEF Innocenti Report Card 11. In the original report, Japan was not included in the league table of child well-being because data on a number of indicators were missing.
L’analyse du chevauchement des privations multiples (MODA) est une méthodologie de l’UNICEF qui propose une approche globale des aspects multidimensionnels de la pauvreté et des privations des enfants.
Cette note technique fait référence à une application spéciale de MODA et applique une analyse de privation multidimensionnelle à un cadre transnational (CC-MODA). L'étude CC-MODA fournit des informations sur les privations dont souffrent les enfants dans chacune des pays et entre des pays inclues dans l’étude et identifie qui sont les enfants souffrant de privations multiples, où ils vivent et de quelle dimension de bien-être ils sont privés.
The Multiple Overlapping Deprivation Analysis for the European Union (EU-MODA) compares the material well-being of children across the EU member states, using data from the child material deprivation module of the European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC) 2009.