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Innocenti experts produce high quality research that is frequently published in international peer reviewed journals. The themes of publications featured here reflect the entire spectrum of issues shaping global policies and outcomes for children.

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Pandemics and Violence Against Women and Children

Pandemics and Violence Against Women and Children

Amber Peterman, Alina Potts, Megan O'Donnell, Kelly Thompson, Niyati Shah, Sabine Oertelt-Prigione, Nicole van Geltert
CGD Working Paper, April 2020 (528)

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ABSTRACT

Times of economic uncertainty, civil unrest and disaster are linked to a myriad of risk factors for increased violence against women and children (VAW/C). Pandemics are no exception. In fact, the regional or global nature and associated fear and uncertainty associated with pandemics provide an enabling environment that may exacerbate or spark diverse forms of violence. Understanding mechanisms underlying these dynamics are important for crafting policy and program responses to mitigate adverse effects. Based on existing published and grey literature, we document nine main (direct and indirect) pathways linking pandemics and VAW/C, through effects of (on):(1) economic insecurity and poverty-related stress, (2) quarantines and social isolation, (3) disaster and conflict-related unrest and instability, (4) exposure to exploitative relationships due to changing demographics, (5) reduced health service availability and access to first responders, (6) inability of women to temporarily escape abusive partners, (7) virus-specific sources of violence, (8) exposure to violence and coercion in response efforts, and (9) violence perpetrated against health care workers. We also suggest additional pathways with limited or anecdotal evidence likely to effect smaller sub-groups. Based on these mechanisms, we suggest eight policy and program responses for action by governments, civil society, international and community-based organizations. Finally, as research linking pandemics directly to diverse forms of VAW/C is scarce, we lay out a research agenda comprising three main streams, to better (1) understand the magnitude of the problem, (2) elucidate mechanisms and linkages with other social and economic factors and (3) inform intervention and response options. We hope this paper can be used by researchers, practitioners, and policymakers to help inform further evidence generation and policy action while situating VAW/C within the broader need for intersectional gender- and feminist-informed pandemic response.

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87 items found

Pandemics and Violence Against Women and Children

Amber Peterman, Alina Potts, Megan O'Donnell, Kelly Thompson, Niyati Shah, Sabine Oertelt-Prigione, Nicole van Geltert
CGD Working Paper, April 2020 (528)

VIEW ARTICLE


More evidence on the relationship between cash transfers and child height

Averi Chakrabarti, Sudhanshu Handa, Luisa Natali, David Seidenfeld, Gelson Tembo
Journal of Development Effectiveness, March 2020

Assets for Alimentation? The Nutritional Impact of Assets-based Programming in Niger

Tilman Brück, Oscar Mauricio Diaz Botìa, Neil T. N. Ferguson
Journal of Development Studies, Supplement 1, December 2019, vol. 55, pp. 55-74.

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Comparing the Productive Effects of Cash and Food Transfers in a Crisis Setting: Evidence from a Randomised Experiment in Yemen

Benjamin Schwab
Journal of Development Studies, Supplement 1, December 2019, vol. 55, pp. 29-54.

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Economic Transfers and Social Cohesion in a Refugee-Hosting Setting

Elsa Valli, Amber Peterman, Melissa Hidrobo
Journal of Development Studies, Supplement 1, December 2019, vol. 55, pp. 128-146.

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Estimating the Welfare Costs of Reforming the Iraq Public Distribution System: A Mixed Demand Approach

Nandini Krishnan, Sergio Olivieri, Racha Ramadan
Journal of Development Studies, Supplement 1, December 2019, vol. 55, pp. 91-106.

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How to Target Households in Adaptive Social Protection Systems? Evidence from Humanitarian and Development Approaches in Niger

Pascale Schnitzer
Journal of development Studies, Supplement 1, December 2019, vol. 55, pp. 75-90.

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No Lost Generation: Supporting the School Participation of Displaced Syrian Children in Lebanon

Jacobus de Hoop, Mitchell Morey, David Seidenfeld
Journal of Development Studies, Supplement 1, December 2019, vol. 55, pp. 107-127.

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87 items found