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CRC Article = 20(3); 21
Adoption is an alternative means of care for children permanently deprived of their family environment. Full adoption aims to provide such a child with all of the rights relating to his or her adoptive parents as if the child had been born to them. In addition, it places on the adoptive parents equal parental responsibility to that of biological parents. Article 21 of the CRC provides that the best interests of the child shall be the paramount consideration in adoption, and deals with the safeguards and standards to be ensured by those States Parties that recognize and/or permit the system of adoption, covering both national adoption and intercountry adoption.

See also:
Alternative care   Children deprived of their family environment   Inter-country adoption   Intercountry adoption   Judicial review   National adoption   Procedures