Obligation of States
CRC Article = 2(1)
States Parties are required to respect and to ensure the rights set forth in the CRC to each child with their jurisdiction without discrimination of any kind.
Definition of the child Discrimination Domestic implementation Jurisdiction Saving clause
CRC Article = 37(a); 40(4)
Any behaviour (act or omission) that is punishable by law under the legal system concerned.
Accused children Administration of Juvenile Justice Convicted children Juvenile offenders
There has been an increased number of as yet unsubstantiated reports of trafficking in children for the sale of their organs. The 1994 report of the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Sale of Children states that the search for proof of a trade in children's organs poses great difficulties even though there is evidence of a market in children's organs. The Guiding Principles on Human Organ Transplantation adopted by the World Health Organisation (WHO) provide that no organ should be removed from a living child with the exception of the removal of regenerative tissue and that the giving and receiving of payment is prohibited. Provisions of the CRC which imply the prohibition of organ trafficking are Article 6 dealing with the right to life, Article 35 dealing with the right to protection against sale and trafficking, and Article 36 dealing with the right to protection against all forms of exploitation.
Exploitation Right to life Sale and trafficking